US Open or United States Open Tennis Championships is an international tennis tournament played on hard court. It is the fourth Grand Slam tournament of the year, which is played over two weeks between late August and early September. The other three Grand Slam tournaments are Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon.
Since 1978, all the US Open matches have been played on acrylic hard courts of the US Tennis Association (USTA) National Tennis Centre, which was renamed as USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre in 2006 in Queens, New York.
The US Open consists of 5 major categories in which the matches are played. They are men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles, and mixed doubles.
US Open is one of the oldest tennis tournaments in the world. It began as the US National Championships in 1881 as a national men’s singles and doubles tournament. Earlier, the tournament was open to only clubs affiliated to the US National Lawn Tennis Association. The tournament was later expanded to include women’s singles in 1887, women’s doubles in 1889, and mixed doubles in 1892.
The tournament was played at various locations until 1978 and thus was played on a variety of surfaces. Since 1978, the matches have been played on acrylic hard courts. In March 2020, the Open announced that Laykold would become the new court surface supplier for the tournament.
The last edition of the tournament was attended by 737,872 people.
The total prize money for the 2018 edition of US Open men’s singles was $53 million. For women’s singles, the prize money was $40,912,000. The prize money accounts for 80.9% of total player base compensation.
In 2020, the prize money was increased to $53.4 million in total player compensation, with $7.6 million dedicated toward player relief from coronavirus pandemic.
In 2017, the prize money was £31,600,000, an increase of 12.5%. The Gentlemen’s and Ladies’ Singles champions received £2.2 million each. In 2019, the total prize money was increased to £38,000,000.