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Farooq Abdullah is the chairman of Jammu & Kashmir National Conference. He has served as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir on several occasions since 1982, and as the union minister for New and Renewable Energy between 2009 and 2014. He is the father of former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Omar Abdullah.
 
Abdullah was elected to the Lok Sabha unopposed from Srinagar Lok Sabha constituency in the 1980 elections and was elected as the President of National Conference in August 1981 -- he secured the top position in the party since his father Sheikh Abdullah was the National Conference Party leader. He became the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir for the first time in 1982, after his father's demise. He has been at the helm of the state's affairs multiple time since. In 2002, he was elected as a member of Rajya Sabha. He was a Cabinet Minister in the UPA government. His son, Omar Abdullah is the present Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
 
Abdullah was elected to the Rajya Sabha in 2002 from Jammu and Kashmir and was re-elected in 2009. He resigned from the Rajya Sabha in May 2009, after contesting and winning from Srinagar Lok Sabha constituency after which he joined the UPA government as a Cabinet Minister of New and Renewable Energy. He again contested the Srinagar Lok Sabha seat in the 2014 General Election, but was defeated by the PDP candidate Tariq Hameed Karra. In 2017, he won the Srinagar parliamentary seat by defeating Nazir Ahmed Khan from the People's Democratic Party.