Shivraj Singh Chouhan is a veteran leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and was the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh for three terms -- from November 29, 2005, to December 16, 2018.
He was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time in his career in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha Constituency in 1991. He currently represents the Budhni constituency in the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. In December last year, Chouhan lost the chief minister's chair in Madhya Pradesh after three consecutive terms in what was a major upset for the BJP ahead of the Lok Sabha elections. Chouhan replaced Babulal Gaur as Madhya Pradesh chief minister on November 29, 2005, and remained in the saddle since then unchallenged till the party's defeat at the hustings in December last year.
He also served as the general secretary of the BJP and the president of the party's MP unit. Further, Chouhan's Ladli Laxmi Yojna, Mukhya Mantri Kanyadan Yojna, Mukhya Mantri Teerth Darshan Yojna, bicycle scheme for school children, Re 1 per kg rice and Rs 2 per kg wheat schemes and the Sambal Yojna offering electricity at Rs 200 were emulated by some other states. Under Chouhan's leadership, Indore and Bhopal got the "cleanest city" awards under the 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan'.
In January this year, the BJP appointed former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan as one of its vice-presidents, bringing the powerful state leader into national politics. Chouhan was also a member of the committee tasked with preparing BJP's manifesto for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.