The seven unions that have taken legal recourse include Petroleum Employees Union, Bharat Petroleum Karmachari Union, Petroleum Karmachari Navnirman Union, BPCL
(Refinery) Employees Union, and the Petroleum Workers’ Union. At the current market capitalisation of Rs 94,568.57 crore, the value of 52.98 per cent stake in the company would be Rs 50,100 crore.
In the petition, the unions have argued that compared to the Essar deal of Rosneft, the total valuation of BPCL for the purpose of disinvestment — based on share price — is incorrect. The petitioners alleged that the method of valuation appears to be clearly flawed since a company with a turnover of Rs 3.38 trillion every year is being valued at only Rs 60,000 crore for the purpose of disinvestment.
“There will be Rs 4.46-trillion loss to the nation if BPCL is allowed to be sold by stock market share value,” the petition stated.
The valuation that the unions are coming up with is based on a relative method or asset replacement valuation method, based on which they estimate the total value of the government’s stake to be around Rs 5.19 trillion.
The unions have drawn comparison with Essar Oil sale. The Essar deal was for Rs 89,000 crore, while the expected deal for BPCL will be around Rs 60,000 crore. Interestingly, during the time of the deal, Essar had a debt of Rs 36,000 crore, while BPCL’s debt was around Rs 23,000 crore.
In March 2019, the reserves and surplus of Essar were almost nil, while BPCL had Rs 36,797 crore for the year ended March 2019. The petition highlights that the net profit of Essar was a mere Rs 32 crore, while it stood at Rs 7,132 crore for BPCL.