The panel, which previously met with Twitter
representatives on February 25, spoke to Facebook’s vice-president for Global Public Policy Joel Kaplan, India Public Policy Director, Facebook-India, South and Central Asia Ankhi Das, and Facebook
India head Ajit Mohan.
Issues discussed ranged from what the company is doing to prevent misuse of citizen data, to what regulatory framework it thinks should be applied to its operations in the country.
According to sources aware of the discussions at the committee meeting, Facebook
said it was a “hybrid company” and did not clearly address which regulatory framework applies to their content, advertising, and marketing operations in India.
Joel is learnt to have told the committee that the company is willing to engage with policymakers to answer these questions.
“We are grateful to the Honorable Parliamentary Committee for giving us the opportunity to show how we are preparing for the Indian elections and helping keep people safe,” said Kaplan in a statement.
Joel also said there was “a reputation for Silicon Valley bias” that needs to be addressed.
“The Guardian UK report regarding Facebook’s global lobbying against stringent data privacy laws in countries around the world, including India, was asked by one senior committee member,” said this person.
Business Standard had earlier reported that think tank Centre for Accountability and Systemic Change had written to the parliamentary committee on IT to look at lobbying activities of social media firms in India.
The Guardian reported last week about a “secretive global lobbying operation targeting hundreds of legislators and regulators in an attempt to procure influence across the world, including in the UK, US, Canada, India, Vietnam, Argentina, Brazil, Malaysia, and all 28 states of the European Union”.
The lobbying efforts included efforts to change the European General Data Protection Regulation in favour of Facebook, using Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg’s feminist book Lean In to bond with female European commissioners and threatening to curb investments in countries unless they passed Facebook-friendly laws.
Kaplan was also asked about how Facebook companies
WhatsApp and Instagram are safeguarding citizens’ interests.
Questions were also raised by the panel about Facebook’s revenue growth and taxation issues. A member of the committee also asked, “Since India is a growing market, how do you see revenue growth, there is ambiguity regarding the tax compliance and whether you have an ombudsman for grievances?”
The panel had asked similar questions of Twitter
last week, including asking it to “ensure and appoint” someone to work with the Election Commission
to ensure requests sent to Twitter
are addressed within two-three hours.
Facebook has over 217 million monthly active users in India
WhatsApp has over 200 million monthly active users in India
Centre has been concerned about spread of misinformation and data harvesting through Facebook
After Cambridge Analytica, Centre keen to prevent foreign interference in election at home
Last year, WhatsApp set up an India entity and appointed Komal Lahiri as chief grievance officer, based in the US