Gaku Nakanishi, president and chief executive officer, Honda Cars India, feels there are three main hurdles that are to be crossed to make EVs profitable in India — infrastructure, affordability and range. “When we talk about EVs, we need to ensure that they are suited for the infrastructure, are in the right price range, and also give mileage like that of petrol or diesel variants. Considering all these, I think hybrid is a practical thinking for the Indian market right now,” Nakanishi said.
The primary difference between a hybrid and electric is that the hybrid car derives some of its power from a conventional gasoline engine with an electric motor. A true EV gets all of its power from electrical sources and is a completely zero-emission vehicle.
To curb costly crude oil imports and rising pollution levels, the Central government has been urging carmakers to invest in developing EVs. However, it has chosen to back only pure EVs. Last week, the government announced the second phase of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
(FAME-2) scheme with an outlay of ~10,000 crore for a period of three years, to push EVs in the country. It also plans to promote local manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries that can be used for both hybrid cars and EVs.
According to Honda’s plans, the first hybrid vehicle will hit the roads by 2021. Rajesh Goel, senior vice-president and director, marketing and sales, Honda, said: “Technology is not an issue for us. I can get the technology tomorrow. We are running similar programmes for other countries. What is essential is that the customer should be able to buy, own and drive freely. Until that happens, it’s difficult to make a business case for it.”
Goel said they were still studying under which segment the first hybrid model should be introduced, but said it was clear they would like to launch it in the mass -market segment.
Major Indian carmakers like Maruti, Tata and Mahindra have been bullish about the prospect of EVs in India. Some have even showcased their models. Maruti’s parent Suzuki Motor Corp has started testing 50 units of the electric variant of its popular hatchback Wagon R in India that is set to be launched in 2020.