The IBA said most of the operators undergoing restructuring had borrowed from public sector banks
The Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) has asked the government to allow telecom companies
undergoing debt restructuring in schemes drawn up by the Reserve Bank of India to surrender liberalised spectrum. Any excess upfront payment associated with such spectrum should be refunded, it has argued.
In a letter dated November 29 to Aruna Sundararajan, secretary, department of telecommunications (DoT), the IBA has also sought speeding up of the process for announcing relief measures for telecom companies.
It was becoming difficult for mobile operators to survive and service their debt without immediate support from the government, the IBA added.
Debts of the telecom industry
amounted to Rs 7.75 lakh crore in March 2017, of which bank borrowings and liabilities towards spectrum payments to the DoT were Rs 5.8 lakh crore.
Some of the mobile operators are undergoing financial restructuring under various RBI schemes. As part of debt restructuring, mobile operators have proposed optimising their assets and monetising non-core assets, including their existing portfolio of spectrum.
Tripartite agreements have been signed among banks, the DoT and mobile operators with banks securing charge of spectrum, either through assignment of licences or by negative lien. “The government is requested to allow the mobile operators that are undergoing restructuring to surrender liberalised /auction-acquired spectrum,” the letter said.
The IBA said most of the operators undergoing restructuring had borrowed from public sector banks. It urged the government to refund any excess upfront payment for the residual spectrum being surrendered and cancel all future deferred payment liabilities associated with such spectrum.
“This money will be used for repaying the banks. We understand the government had allowed a similar facility to BSNL and MTNL in the past,” the letter added.
The IBA has also requested a return of bank guarantees submitted by mobile operators to the DoT in respect of such spectrum. This would help free up working capital for these operators, it pointed out.
In 2016-17, the telecom industry
had for the first time posted a decline in revenue and operating profit. The adjusted gross revenue of the industry
declined to Rs 39,777.55 crore in April-June from Rs 53,383.55 crore in the same quarter of 2016-17.
The crisis has forced the telecom industry to approach the government for support to overcome the situation. The firms argued the reduced revenue was not sufficient to meet existing debt obligations and deferred payments for spectrum.
Reliance Communications and Aircel have already defaulted on their debt repayment obligations. An inter-ministerial group set up to address financial stress in the telecom industry has recommended relief measures. These have been approved by the Telecom Commission, the highest decision-making body of the DoT. The proposals will go to the Cabinet for approval.
Among the relief measures, the government will increase the timeframe for deferred spectrum payments to 16 years from the current 10 years as well as change the calculation of interest for delayed payments.