India’s largest public sector bank State Bank of India (SBI) on Friday reported a standalone net profit of Rs 6,450.75 crore for quarter ended March 2021 (Q4FY21) aided by fewer provisions on bad loans. The lender’s PAT was 80.14 per cent higher than previous year’s profit of Rs 3,580.8 crore. On a quarterly basis, the bottom line expanded 24.14 per cent.
declared a dividend of Rs 4 per equity share for the financial year ended March 31, 2021. The date of payment of dividend is fixed on June 18, 2021.
During the quarter under review, the Mumbai-based lender’s provisions and contingency fund dropped 18.11 per cent year-on-year (YoY) to Rs 11,051 crore, of which provision for NPA was Rs 9,914.23 crore, from Rs 13,495 crore set aside in Q4FY20.
At the end of the fiscal year, SBI's Provision Coverage Ratio stood at 87.75 per cent relative to FY20's 83.62 per cent.
Sequentially, it rose 6.8 per cent from Rs 10,342.39 crore earmarked in the December quarter of FY21 (Q3FY21).
The numbers met Street expectation that had baked a jump in net profit anywhere between 65 per cent and 115 per cent. The lowest estimate by ICICI Securities, however, had pegged the profit at Rs 4,704.6 crore, up 31 per cent YoY.
As regards provisions, analysts expected them to come in anywhere between Rs 7,302.6 crore and Rs 14,886 crore.
It’s pre-tax profit (or profit before tax), meanwhile, stood at Rs 8,649.12 crore compared with Rs 4,970.04 crore reported in the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal.
Operationally, the bank registered an pre-provision profit of Rs 19,700 crores in Q4FY21 as compared to Rs18,465 crores in Q4FY20, an increase of 6.69 per cent YoY. Sequentially, operating profit increased by 13.66 per cent.
Net interest income (NII) – the lender’s main source of income – increased to Rs 27,067 crore during the quarter. SBI’s NII in Q4FY20 was Rs 22,766.9 crore, and Rs 28,819.9 crore in Q3FY21. Domestic NIM for FY21 was at 3.26 per cent, up 7 bps YoY.
"To ease the financial stress caused by Covid-19 disruptions on borrowers and relax the repayment pressures, the Supreme Court had directed that there shall not be any charge of interest on interest / compound interest / penal interest for the period during the moratorium from March 1, 2020 to August 31, 2020 and such interest shall be refunded to the concerned borrowers to be given credit / adjusted in the next instalment of the loan amount. Accordingly, the bank has reversed interest income by Ts 830 crore during the year ended March 31, 2021," it said in a statement.
That said, denting the earnings report card was the lender’s weakened asset quality on a quarterly basis. Its gross non-performing assets (GNPA) increased to Rs 1.26 trillion from Rs 1.17 trillion in Q3FY21. The same, however, was Rs 1.49 trillion in the year-ago period.
As a percentage of loans, the GNPA ratio stood at 4.98 per cent, up from 4.77 per cent QoQ.
Net NPA, on the other hand, stood at Rs 36,809.72 crore, up from Rs 29,031.72 crore in Q3FY21. The same declined from Rs 51,871 crore reported in Q4FY20. NNPA for the quarter came in at 1.5 per cent, up from 1.23 per cent QoQ.
Loans and advances
The PSB's total loan book at the end of Q4FY21 swell 5 per cent on year to Rs 25.39 trillion from Rs 24.22 trillion at the end of Q4FY20. On a quarterly basis, the loan book expanded 3.4 per cent from Rs 24.56 trillion. Of these, the lender saw a 3 per cent YoY decline in corporate loans while retail loans jumped 16.5 per cent YoY. Moreover, Home loan, which constitutes 23 per cent of the bank’s domestic advances, has grown by 10.51 per cent YoY.
Deposits, however, soared 13.5 per cent to Rs 36.81 trillion. Out this, Current Account Deposit grew by 27.36 per cent YoY, while Saving Bank Deposits grew by 14.79 per cent YoY, the lender's financial statements showed.
The bank clocked improvement across key ratios to gauge financial stability. Cost to Income Ratio, for instance, increased marginally from 52.46 per cent in FY20 to 53.60 per cent in FY21 while Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) improved by 68 bps YoY to 13.74 per cent as on March 2021.
Return on Assets (RoA) increased by 10 bps YoY to 0.48 per cent in FY21 against 0.38 per cent in FY20.
Slippages Ratio for FY21 declined to 1.18 per cent from 2.16 per cent as at the end of FY20 while Credit Cost as at the end of FY21 has declined 75 bps YoY to 1.12 per cent.
Post the result announcement, shares of the bank zoomed 4 per cent to hit an intra-day high of Rs 400 apiece.