Atlas Cycles (Haryana) Ltd, earlier known as Atlas Cycle Industries (ACIL) began life in a shed, making
saddles, in 1951. A year later, the newly minted businessman Janki Das Kapur took a huge leap of faith and enterprise, and set up a cycle factory in Sonepat, Haryana. And in what proved to be a smart piece of branding, Kapur named his product after the Titan who holds up the heavens and whose name symbolises endurance and strength.
Interestingly, Kapur’s competitors were also playing on the strength and endurance of the roadsters; the Murugappa Group-owned TI Cycles named its brand Hercules, as did Munjals at Hero Cycles.
Ironically though, even as the competition pedalled ahead in a market it pioneered in the country, Atlas struggled to keep its grip on the road. And finally on June 3, on World Bicycle
Day when its rivals were busy promoting their brands on social media, Atlas Cycles announced it was closing down the bicycle manufacturing factory in Sahibabad, Uttar Pradesh. This was its last operational plant with a monthly production of over 200,000 bicycles, said reports.
Atlas was skidding dangerously close to a disaster for years, competitors and senior industry professionals said. “The fundamental problem was that Atlas continued to focus on a segment of the market which was declining in volumes, and profitability,” said K R Chandrasekaran, former president, TI Cycles of India.
He believes that the company failed to read the market in time and lost out on profitable diversification opportunities.
A chief executive officer of a national cycle brand said Atlas ought to have leveraged the brand better. Brands such as Hero that entered the market much later were quick to change and align with emerging trends, foraying into premium bicycles, fitness and so on. “These are not volume businesses, but offer good margins,” he said.
According to market reports, Hero has 47 per cent share in the domestic market and 43 per cent share in the premium market despite competition from international brands.
Atlas could well have been in Hero’s corner of the market, if it had been more imaginative with its brand and nurtured it better, believe marketers. Ambi Parameswaran, founder of Brand-Building.com said: “BSA, Hercules and Hero have always done a better job in marketing. The companies
which managed to pivot and focus more on recreational cycles, have been able to do much better.” Also Atlas has not innovated enough, it could have built a large portfolio of sub-brands under the Atlas portfolio given the strong pull and recall it exercised on the market at one time.
With units at Sonepat, Sahibabad, Rasoi and Gurugram, Atlas’s combined manufacturing capacity stands at 3.1 million cycles per annum. It was also one of the early exporters of bicycles, and a black Atlas stands tall in the Nobel Museum in Stockholm as this is the bike that Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen once used. Atlas used to be a big advertiser too; it once counted actor Suneil Shetty and tennis star Sania Mirza among its endorsers.
Why did Atlas stumble? The company was riven with infighting say company insiders. “Atlas could not expand, and one of the primary reasons is internal (family) issues,” said one, who wanted to stay anonymous. Bickering, turf battles and poor management strategies pushed the brand off the road and the company in the red. In 2019-20, its losses amounted to Rs 45.81 crore, and the company’s annual reports put the blame squarely on Chinese dumping and the rising costs of local manufacturing.
However, experts feel that the brand had lost the pulse of the consumer a long time ago, and its internal battles diverted the attention away from the product. Atlas needed to invest in the generic market of cycling. It missed out on that. In the bargain, it could not climb the value chain that could afford robust and sustainable premiums. The brand can still reinvent itself. It is, however, not a manufacturing game anymore — it’s a brand-investment game instead, said Harish Bijoor, founder, Harish Bijoor Consults. The company refused to comment on the closure or the future state of the brand.