Zomato, rival firm Swiggy
and ride-hailing company Uber India each scored 1 out of 10. Urban Company and Flipkart’s logistics arm Ekart scored the highest.
While the potential of high wages and short payout cycles continue to draw workers
to platform work, there was insufficient evidence that workers
on seven of the eleven platforms earned the minimum wage rate after accounting for costs. Urban Company, Flipkart, Grofers, and Ola
were the exceptions. This highlights the need for regulation and worker consultation on the issue of wages.
have little or no social security. While some platforms provide accident insurance, many are unclear of the procedures to make claims. Only two platforms (Urban Company and Flipkart) were able to demonstrate that additional measures were taken to actively improve working conditions.
With the exception of Urban Company and Google-backed delivery startup Dunzo, there was insufficient evidence that accessible, readable and comprehensible terms and conditions were available to workers. With a growing reliance by some platforms on labour recruited from subcontractors, workers were often unclear who was responsible for their working conditions and for the payment of wages.
fared better when it came to the principle of Fair Management. However, Urban Company was awarded the point for actively blocking customers who discriminate against service providers. Also, Flipkart was awarded the point for its proactive initiatives to employ women and physically-disabled persons in its last-mile workforce.
While the Covid-19 pandemic has brought to prominence the precarious livelihoods of all workers (platform or otherwise), this report shows that the pandemic has only exacerbated a precarity already endemic to platform work.
This is the second year of scoring platforms using the Fairwork principles in India. Last year, twelve platforms, from sectors including ride-hailing, e-commerce, food-delivery, and home services, were scored. This year, eleven platforms were scored, with nine being repeated from the first year. Data from multiple sources indicates that, as of February 2020, an estimated three million workers were registered on the eleven platforms scored this year.
The Fairwork India team is spearheaded by the Centre for IT and Public Policy (CITAPP) at the International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore (IIIT-B), along with partners at the University of Oxford and the University of Manchester.
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