In 2001, an estimated 1% of all child workers, or about 120,000 children in India were in a hazardous job. The Constitution of India in the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy prohibits child labour below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or castle or engaged in any other hazardous employment (Article 24).
Article 39(f) provides children right to equal opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and guaranteed protection of childhood and youth against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
Originally, the Constitution of India, in a Directive Principle contained in article 45, has made a provision for free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of fourteen years within ten years of promulgation of the Constitution. But government could not achieve this goal even after 50 years of adoption of this provision. So the changed article 45 of the Constitution provides right to early childhood care and education to all children until they complete the age of six years.