Shops, markets and business establishments kept shutters down, while educational and financial institutions remained closed for the day, the official sources stated.
Huge processions were taken out in different areas of Guwahati, with protesters raising slogans against the contentious Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
Agitators had a scuffle with security forces near the Secretariat and Assembly buildings in Guwahati, when they were prevented from moving forward, police sources said.
Train services across Assam
were affected as picketers squatted on tracks, a spokesperson of the Railways said.
Some had also attempted to block the entrance to NF Railway headquarters here and Divisional Railway Manager's office at Rangia in Kamrup district, he said.
Vehicles - both private and public - stayed off the roads, the official sources said, adding that government-run Assam
State Transport Corporation (ASTC) buses plied between Guwahati city and the LGB airport here, with police escort.
All scheduled examinations were rescheduled by the Universities in view of the bandh.
In Dibrugarh district, bandh supporters clashed with CISF personnel. Three of them sustained injuries as they tried to prevent the workers of Oil India Ltd (OIL) to enter office at Duliajan area.
Protestors burnt tyres and blocked national
highways to stop movement of vehicles in various parts of Assam.
Students of Gauhati University and Cotton University in Guwahati, along with those of Assam Agriculture University in Jorhat, took to the streets, seeking immediate withdrawal of the legislation.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, piloted by Union Home Minister Amit Shah, was comfortably passed in the Lok Sabha on Monday night as the ruling BJP enjoys a clear majority in the house.
The Bill seeks to grant Indian citizenship to non- Muslim refugees, who escaped religious persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. The legislation was passed by 311-80 votes in the Lower House of the Parliament.