About 18 minutes into the flight the GSLV rocket will first place GISAT-1 in a Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). From GTO, the satellite will be taken up further firing its on-board motors to geo-stationary orbit.
A satellite in geostationary orbit (about 36,000 km above earth) has an orbital period equal to earth's rotational period.
A four metre diameter Ogive shaped payload fairing (heat shield) is being flown for the first time in this GSLV-F10 flight. This is the fourteenth flight of the GSLV.
The Indian space agency said GISAT-1 will provide real time image of large area of region of interest at frequent intervals. The GISAT-1 will also enable quick monitoring of natural disasters, episodic events and any short term events.
The GISAT-1 will also provide spectral signatures for agriculture, forestry, mineralogy, disaster warning, cloud properties, snow, glaciers and oceanography.
The satellite will have payload imaging sensors of six band multi-spectral visible and near infra-red with 42 metres resolution; 158 bands hyper-spectral visible and near infra-red with 318 metres resolution and 256 bands hyper-spectral short wave infra-red with 191 metres resolution.
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