The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling.
The new system will cover four stages -- Foundational Stage (three years of anganwadi or pre-school followed by classes 1-2), Preparatory Stage (classes 3-5), Middle Stage (classes 6-8) and Secondary Stage (classes 9-12). ALSO READ: National Education Policy: New 5+3+3+4 structure and 10+2 system explained
Students can opt subjects across the streams. All subjects will be offered at two levels of proficiency.
Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade, and will include informal internships.
Board exams are aimed to encourage holistic development and to test core capacities and competencies. Students will be allowed to take board exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement, if desired. Students will take school examinations in classes 3, 5, and 8 which will be conducted by the appropriate authority.
The new policy introduces undergraduate degree of either 3 or 4-year duration. Mid-term dropouts will be given credit with option to complete degree after a break.
Major reforms in higher education includes a target of 50 per cent Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) by 2035 and provision for multiple entry and exits.
National Testing Agency to conduct common college entrance exam twice a year.
Fee will be fixed within the regulatory framework and no extra fee will be charged beyond the cap. ALSO READ: National Education Policy: 10 key highlights of school education reforms
MPhil courses to be discontinued under the new policy. All courses at UG, PG, PhD level to be interdisciplinary.