Grains have been at the heart of Indian diets for at least 10,000 years.
Grains for the growing world
The world has more than 50,000 edible plants but only three (rice, wheat, and corn) provide 60 per cent of the world's food energy and are a staple to four billion people.
Grains are at the centre-stage of most dietary guidelines across the globe
Be it dietary guidelines for Indians from National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (2011) or any other country, grain foods occupy the most important place and have been form the base position in a food-guide pyramid.
Grains are important sources of energy
Grains are a good source of complex carbohydrates, which eventually convert to glucose in the body. Glucose is the most preferred source of energy
by the brain. That is why it makes sense to start the day with a grain-based breakfast after an overnight fast since grains help fuel the brain and body with much-needed energy and important nutrients.
Besides complex carbohydrates that provide much-needed energy, grains are a good source of fibre. Fibre, which is an indigestible carbohydrate, does not enter the body but plays a protective role in the gut. Evidence from several studies has established that diets which are high in fibre can reduce the risk of Type-2 diabetes and heart disease, as well as bowel cancer, breast cancer, gallstones, diverticular disease and weight gain.
Cereal fibre is the most important fibre (as compared to fruit or vegetable fibre) in reducing the risks of such diseases.
While most of us do not associate grains with protein, grains provide approximately 20 per cent of the protein consumed by more than half of the world's population.
Grains are also a good source of some B vitamins, which help release energy in the body.
With all the beneficial and health
protective that grains have to offer, it is important that you re-instate your faith in this age-old food group and include a variety of grains in your diet as our ancestors did.
Madhavi Bhatt Trivedi, Nutritionist and health care writer, Kellogs, India