"Now I am told that 90 to 95 per cent of people in many of the larger (IT) organisations are working out of home. And that transition has been smooth and done very, very quickly. They have figured that out and I think this will now become part and parcel of the business continuity processing, planning in the future," Gopalakrishnan said.
The Chairman of early stage startup accelerator and venture fund, Axilor Ventures, also said that many of the smaller Indian startups have found that they are as effective working out of home and are now wondering whether they require permanent office space at all.
"We (Indias IT services companies) are not going back to business as usual," he said, adding, firms would do a rethink on the office space they would require and "how we need to deliver services in the future.
Gopalakrishnan believes at least 20-30 per cent of IT employees
would continue to work from home even after the lockdown is lifted and the situation returns to normalcy. That accounts for about 1.2 million people, he said noting that four million professionals work in Indias IT-Business Process Outsourcing sector as per industry body NASSCOM figures.
"Some companies will be lot more aggressive (more people will work from home), the smaller the companies lot more aggressive they will be, so that they can save significantly in terms of rental costs."
The former CEO and Managing Director of Infosys said he does not see job losses in the IT sector but "I dont see recruitment happening."
He indicated that salary cuts would happen in the IT sector.
"IT sector does not see large-scale layoffs, they manage to hold on to their employees but they dont recruit, they stop recruiting because growth is not there," he said.
He said lot of people estimate that the impact of the coronavirus
pandemic will be felt for 12 to 18 months which means that recruitment will be "nil or slow" for the one and half years.
"That's going to hurt people who passed out this year and may be next year."
"Yes, that's one way you can actually avoid layoffs," he said on possible salary cuts. "Everybody takes a small salary cut. When the whole economy is in decline, we are going to see zero growth or muted GDP growth this year; so, that will have impact on compensation and recruitment."
"Typically, in the past what has happened (in the IT industry) is at the lower levels there is no salary cuts, as we go up it will be five per cent, ten per cent, and at the top it could be 20-25 per cent, Gopalakrishnan said when asked about the possible range of salary cuts in the IT sector.