Here are ten top points on rising petrol and diesel prices:
1) Congress protesting in Mumbai today as petrol nears Rs 85 a litre:
The Congress targeted the Narendra Modi-led government at the Centre over high fuel prices, seeking to know why the petrol and diesel rates have gone up despite a fall in international crude oil prices. The party said it would hold a protest in Mumbai on Thursday over the matter. Mumbai Congress president Sanjay Nirupam said the residents of the city are paying the highest in the country for petrol and diesel.
3) 'Petrol, diesel prices might stay high in immediate future':
In the immediate future, fuel prices might stay high, Surana told news agency ANI. He said that there is an Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) meeting scheduled to take place soon from where some triggers might come. "If OPEC countries increase production of oil, that could help fix the perception of high demand and less supply," he said.
There's an OPEC meeting is scheduled to take place soon, some triggers might come from there, if OPEC countries increase production of oil that could help fix perception of high demand&less supply,but in immediate future fuel prices might stay high: Mukesh K Surana, HPCL Chairman pic.twitter.com/GWb0VwHFu8
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2018
5) GST the solution for high fuel prices?
The HPCL CMD said that the long-term solution was bringing petroleum products under the Goods and Services Tax
(GST) regime. He also said that it was not true that oil companies were making a big profit with rising prices. He added that they were only passing on the cost of input to consumers.
The GST, which subsumed over a dozen central and state levies, including excise duty, service tax, and VAT, was implemented from July 1, 2017, but crude oil, natural gas, petrol, diesel, and aviation turbine fuel were kept out of its purview.
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6) GST on fuel not possible until all state FMs agree, says MoS Finance:
Minister of State (MoS) for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla on Wednesday said that imposing GST on fuel would not be possible until and unless all state finance ministers agreed
. "Crude is imported. Foreign companies are raising price. Petroleum minister has said petrol and diesel should be brought under GST. Point is, it can't be brought before the Council until and unless all state finance ministers agree," Shukla said.
7) Govt to lose Rs 130 billion over every rupee cut in excise duty:
The Centre levies Rs 19.48 excise duty on a litre of petrol and Rs 15.33 on diesel. State sales tax or VAT varies from state to state. Unlike excise duty, VAT is ad valorem and results in higher revenues for the state when rates move up. In Delhi, VAT on petrol was Rs 15.84 a litre, and Rs 9.68 on diesel in April. Today, it is Rs 16.41 on petrol and Rs 10.05 a litre on diesel.
8) Three-way burden sharing mooted to lower fuel prices:
Among the proposals being discussed by the government to tackle rising fuel prices is that OMCs, too, should be asked to take a small hit
by way of compensating petrol and diesel dealers a cut in their commission. Along with an excise duty reduction, such a cut would be passed on to consumers. This would be a three-way burden-sharing model between the government, OMCs, and consumers.
9) Petroleum minister will meet oil companies, says Amit Shah:
BJP President Amit Shah on Tuesday said that the government was working on a plan to check the spike in fuel prices
. "The government is taking the matter of oil prices seriously. Petroleum minister will have a meeting with the officials of the oil companies. We are trying to work out a formula to reduce the prices in the next three to four days," Shah had said.
10) Excise on fuel raised 9 times between Nov 2014 and Jan 2016:
To shore up finances as global oil prices fell, the government had raised excise duty nine times between November 2014 and January 2016
. Subsequently, the government had cut the tax just once in October last year by Rs 2 a litre. Subsequent to that excise duty reduction, the Centre had asked states to also lower VAT. Just four of them -- Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh -- reduced rates, while others, including BJP-ruled ones, ignored the call.
In all, duty on petrol rate was hiked by Rs 11.77 and that on diesel by Rs 13.47 a litre in those 15 months. This helped government's excise mop up more than double to Rs 2.42 trillion (Rs 2,42,000 crore) in 2016-17 from Rs 990 billion (Rs 99,000 crore) in 2014-15.
With agency inputs