In pics Ramzan 2018: Why do Muslims fast for a month? All you need to know

What is Ramzan?

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A lit mosque on the eve of Eid ul Fitr

Ramzan or Ramadan (in Arabic) is the holy month for Muslims, in which they fast from sunrise to sunset. It is held during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. This year, Ramzan has begun from May 16 and will likely end on June 14-15.

Why is Ramzan observed?

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Holy Quran and prayer beads on stand

Muslims observe Ramzan in remembrance of the first revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad.

What do Muslims do in the month of Ramzan?

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Men, praying and contemplating, in a local mosque

In the month of Ramzan, Muslims, apart from fasting, do self-contemplation, show resilience and worship.

Why do Muslims fast?

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Worshippers praying to God before taking Suhoor

Fasting implies a sacrifice, which brings worshippers closer to God. It also reminds worshippers of the hardships of the less fortunate and practice charity and gratitude.

What are the restrictions during Ramzan?

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Faithful offering prayer at a mosque

The faithful have to refrain from eating, drinking or smoking from dawn to dusk during the month of Ramzan. Further, they are encouraged to not indulge in gossips and arguments.

What and when do Muslims eat during Ramzan?

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Muslims wake up before sunrise to prepare and have a meal called “suhoor”. It is a healthy meal comprising power foods like vegetables, fruits, tea, yoghurt and dates to keep them energetic throughout the day.

What happens when Ramzan ends?

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Two men greeting each other on last day of the fast

The end of Ramzan is marked by Eid-ul-Fitr, which will likely be on June 14 this year. In Arabic, ‘Eid’ means something, which returns. The word ‘Fitr’ comes from Iftar, which means breaking the fast. Thus, Eid-ul-Fitr denotes the end of the fasting month.

How do Muslims break their fast?

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An Iftar party being attended by many

Muslims break their fast like Prophet Muhammad did some 1,400 years ago. They break their fast at the sunset by taking a sip of water and some dates. After sunset prayers, a large feast known as Iftar is shared with family and friends. 

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