The state governments of Tamil Nadu
and Puducherry have already taken some steps to reduce the impact of the cyclone
on the respective states. Tamil Nadu
Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami announced suspension of bus services in the districts of Pudukkottai, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Thanjavur, Chengalpet, and Tiruvallur. The order comes into effect from 1 pm on November 24.
NDRF teams have also been deployed in Tamil Nadu, Poducherry and Andhra Pradesh.
Meanwhile, the Southern Railways has cancelled several trains from November 24-26.
We take a look at Cyclone Nivar, how it was named, and some measures to stay safe during the cyclone.
Cyclone Nivar will be the fourth cyclone to take shape in the North Indian Ocean region this year. The first three cyclones were Cyclone Gati (made landfall in Somalia on November 22), Cyclone Amphan, (eastern India witnessed it in May), and Cyclone Nisarga (in Maharashtra). Nivar will be the second cyclone to hit Tamil Nadu in two years after Cyclone Gaja in 2018.
According to the meteorological department, a deep depression over the Bay of Bengal will turn into a severe cyclonic storm and hit the coasts of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry on November 25. The cyclone will cause extremely heavy rains, strong winds with speeds up to 120 kmph. Many districts in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry are likely to see flooding. A red alert has been issued in a few districts and fishermen have been asked not to go out into the sea till November 26.
Name of the cyclone
The storm has been named Cyclone Nivar, based on the guidelines of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). According to WMO guidelines, countries in every region are supposed to give names for cyclones. North Indian Ocean Region covers tropical cyclones formed over Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The 13 members, which come under the region, are Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. In 2018, five more countries were added. These are Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Yemen.
A total of 169 cyclones were named by these countries for this year, with 13 names from each country. Every member’s name is listed in alphabetical order and the cyclone names are used sequentially column-wise.
Cyclones are named to make their identification easier. It is also believed that names like these make it easier for the media to report and generates interest from the people, resulting in easier dissemination of information and increased preparedness.
The name Nisarga was given by Bangladesh, Gati was taken from India’s suggested names. Nivara has been selected from the list of names given by Iran.
Regions likely to get affected the most
The districts of Pudukkottai, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Thanjavur, Chengalpet, Ariyalur, Perambalur, Kallakurichi, Tiruvannamalai, and Tiruvallur in Tamil Nadu are on alert. In the neighbouring UT, Poducherry and Karaikal are on alert. The regions of coastal Andhra Pradesh, south interior Karnataka, Rayalseema, South Chattisgarh, South Odisha are also likely to get affected.
12 NDRF teams have been deployed in Tamil Nadu, Poducherry, and Andhra Pradesh with 18 on standby. An NDRF team consists of 35-45 personnel.
Ignore rumours. Stay calm, do not panic
Rely only on official warning
Keep your mobile phones charged to ensure connectivity
Listen to the radio, watch TV, read newspapers for weather updates
Keep your documents and valuables in waterproof containers
Prepare an emergency kit with essential items for safety and survival
Untie animals to ensure their safety
Switch off electrical mains and gas supply
Keep your doors and windows shut
If you feel unsafe in your hourse, leave early before the onset of a cyclone
Drink boiled/chlorinated water
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