To focus on the RCEP, India had earlier decided to hold off talks on bilateral free-trade agreements with both the nations. Now, with the government aiming for a deal with the US and deciding to restart similar talks with the European Union, the two southern nations are wary of missing out on trade with India.
Interest Down Under
India figures significantly in Australia’s global trade plans. A report on bilateral trade — An India Economic Strategy to 2035, penned by former Australian High Commissioner to India Peter N Varghese — has batted for more economic linkages between the nations at a time Indian businesses have been scouting for new overseas markets, egged on by the government.
The report mentions India as the single-most significant growth opportunity for Australia. India has also been deemed crucial by a section of Australian policymakers if the country is to reduce its trade reliance on China and Japan.
The 500-page report has been submitted to the Australian Prime Minister’s office and the country is streamlining the official recommendations on the report. The door to the RCEP
has been consciously kept open for India by other nations, and the government needs to reassess its position, Verghese recently said in New Delhi.
Official statistics show that India’s exports to Australia stood at $3.5 billion in the last financial year, while imports were pegged at upwards of $13 billion. While lower crude oil prices have hit realisations from processed petroleum shipments, most other categories of exports have also stagnated.
On the other hand, the principal reason for the yawning trade deficit has been Australian coal and natural gas exports worth over $9.6 billion. Canberra also hopes to position itself as a major supplier for India’s farm needs, especially in the volatile pulses trade. In 2017-18, the country had sent over $924 million worth of chickpeas and pulses, and $125.63 million worth of wheat.
While these have dropped to only $24 million after the government put in restrictions on imports, the cyclical nature of India’s high-quality pulses requirements has got Canberra hopeful. Aussie agriculture majors such as GrainCorp and Olam Australia are looking to scale up business in India and nearby markets, said a senior diplomatic source.
‘Milking’ the issue
However, it may be difficult for New Zealand to gain even if India joins the RCEP
as its top export sector — dairy — is something Indian policymakers have sworn not to open to foreign competition.
New Zealand’s demand for access to the vast domestic consumer market has been rebuffed by India at the latest stages of the negotiations.
The government had been forced to leave dairy out of the mix after top officials from the newly created animal husbandry ministry along with the National Dairy Development Board repeatedly approached the commerce department to ensure that interests of Indian farmers are protected.
But New Zealand is determined to crack the market. Earlier this month, Kiwi Trade Minister Damien O’Connor had visited Dairy major Amul’s facilities in Ahmedabad and offered to share technology and best practices.
The country leads the world in milk, butter and powdered products and its exports are a major price determinant.