Yet, despite the strong apprehensions, analysts expect stocks of banks and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) to react positively to these suggestions.
Impact on banks
HDFC Bank and IndusInd Bank are the two prominent promoter-led banks, of which, promoters of IndusInd Bank have already placed a request to the RBI
to increase their stake in the bank. IWG's recommendations are open for suggestions till January 15, 2021 and final guidelines may be out subsequently. Commenting on the proposals, Ashok Hinduja, Chairman, Hinduja Group of Companies (India), said, “It helps strengthen the institutional framework by ensuring the promoter responsibility with more skin in the game”. Analysts expect the IndusInd Bank stock to trade positive on Monday, given its promoters' intent.
Among non-promoter led banks, names such as Axis Bank, RBL Bank and YES Bank have roped in large private equity (PE) players this year – Bain Capital, Barring Capital and Tilden Park, respectively. “The proposed norms will increase our negotiating powers when we approach PEs and their willingness to cut bigger cheques should also go up,” said a CEO of a mid-sized bank. Among other prominent names, ICICI Bank, IDFC First Bank, Federal Bank and DCB Bank may also benefit, according to analysts.
NBFCs can become banks
Well-run NBFCs with asset size of over Rs 50,000 crore could be candidates for a banking license, as per the recommendations. Many top-tier NBFCs, even if backed by industrial houses, would fit the bill (see table) going by the proposal. While they have been eligible for banking license ever since 2016, the question is whether they would be second time lucky (or third, in case of Shriram group and Piramal Enterprises, when the former had proposed merger with erstwhile IDFC Bank). Moreover, Bajaj Finserv, L&T Finance or M&M Finance were contenders for banking license in 2012, though ultimately RBI
chose IDFC and Bandhan for universal banking license. “Some NBFCs like L&T Finance and M&M Finance have completely reoriented since they didn’t get a license earlier. Whether they would want to once again reorient themselves and entail that cost, including reducing their promoters’ stake to 40 per cent needs to be seen,” said a research head of a foreign brokerage.
"A corporate house like L&T was not given a banking license. While rules can be black and white, fit and proper criteria and due diligence will remain a grey area,” Ganapathy spells out. Another head of research points out that when the topography of the sector has changed so much, the necessity to operate as a tightly regulated banking entity may not be relevant in the space. “Traditional lending business may go out of vogue and that’s already being demonstrated by fintechs. Ways have evolved to access low-cost capital; deposits aren't the primary option anymore,” he adds.
Therefore, while the IWG’s proposal is very forward-looking, given the changed dynamics of the lending business, opting one way or another would not be an easy decision to make any more.