The three codes on – industrial relations, social security
and, occupational safety, health and working conditions
will subsume 25 labour laws.
The codes got approval of the Parliament during the monsoon session when the Opposition organised a boycott to oppose the farm Bills.
The fourth one, code on wages, which combined four labour laws
became a law in August 2019. However, the government is yet to make the law effective as it plans to introduce all the four laws together.
Apart from rationalizing various provisions of the law and unifying workplace-related definitions, the government has brought about key changes to the labour laws.
These include: easier retrenchment norms, flexibility in hiring contract workers, equal social security
benefits for fixed-term and permanent staff, social security
cover for gig and migrant workers and relaxation to smaller factories from labour laws.