Since May, global HRC prices have moved $100 a tonne to $548.
“While production growth has remained strong in China in 2017 so far, apparent domestic consumption, too, has grown more than the earlier expected levels. That, coupled with capacity rationalisation and a possible production cut during the coming winter season, has led to international steel prices increasing sharply in the past three months,” Jayanta Roy, senior vice-president, Icra, said.
In the first six months, apparent consumption increased 2.5 per cent, while production rose 4.5 per cent. Moreover, China had set a target of cutting supply by 50 million tonnes. Of which, 42 million tonnes has already been achieved.
The numbers show, unlike the past two years, there is a supply cut but production is increasing and a lot of it is being absorbed in the home market. The primary reason why prices went crashing in the past two years was because of cheap imports from China flooding global markets.
Back home, there is a marginal improvement in the demand scenario. According to Joint Plant Committee data, consumption grew 4.4 per cent in April-July, compared to three per cent a year ago.
Industry sources, however, pointed out most of the spending was in government capex such as affordable housing, railways, wagons and locomotives and roads. The automobile sector has seen a steady uptrend, though.
Increase in raw material prices is another reason for the rise in steel prices; coking coal prices have moved from $145 to $195 a tonne, while iron ore prices have moved from $50 to $75 a tonne.