However, faced with localised lockdowns in various states, airlines have found it difficult to even fly even 30 per cent of their original capacity.
A government official said that the extension of capacity ban was dynamic in nature and would depend on how the coronavirus
behaved. “Cases are now going up in Chennai and Kolkata while they are plateauing in Delhi and Mumbai. So restrictions on flight capacity will depend on that and permission from state government. We want to increase capacity,” said a government official.
On Friday, the West Bengal government said that flight operations at the Kolkata airport would remain suspended on July 25 and 29, amid the total lockdown
in place across the state on both the days, officials said on Friday.
With strict quarantine norms and extension of lockdowns in some states and a fear of flying, in the month of June airlines struggled to fill 55 per cent of their seats. “Most of the demands are unidirectional, from metros to a few cities and a fresh surge in the number of Covid-19 cases is impacting demand,” an executive of a private airline said.
Airline executives said that demand was primarily unidirectional meaning the aircraft were flying on one route with little passengers. This paper had earlier reported that data from travel firms showed that over 90 per cent of flight bookings were for one-way trips and on non-metro routes, indicating little demand for business travel.
An analyst tracking airlines for an international brokerage said that airlines had already accounted that the entire calendar year of 2020 and first half of 2021 would be a washout.
However, market leader IndiGo, is buoyant about the increase in flying capacity as it is seeing signs of growth in seat occupancy after resuming domestic operations recently, the company's CEO Ronojoy Dutta
said in an interview with Business Standard.
The booking trend was encouraging, with growth in load factors and unit revenue, Dutta said. “Future bookings are coming along nicely,” he added.
A cash balance of Rs 20,376 crore gives IndiGo
the cushion to operate flights one way with lesser load, but make money in the other direction where it gets a full flight.
Airline lobby group International Air Transport Association had warned last week that the recent growth in the number of Covid-19 cases was likely to harm the recovery of air travel.