First, high property prices have turned end-users into fence-sitters in most micro markets. Though capital values have been under pressure over the past few quarters, a significant chunk of supply in many micro markets was unaffordable, it said.
Second, concerns over job losses and lack of employment opportunities — especially low-skilled ones such as in IT/ITeS — on account of increasing automation, among other things, were increasing. This has curtailed income visibility required for a housing loan, it said.
Third, rentals were being preferred to buying a property as high prices meant hefty down payments and equated monthly instalments. Many nuclear families were opting for rental accommodation in suburban locations than purchasing a house in a peripheral micro market, it said.
Fourth, there have been risks associated with delivery of under-construction projects, especially delays in getting possession from the developers. Resurgence in buyers’ confidence would happen only when they see the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act or RERA working in their favour.
Fifth, participation of the investor community has reduced significantly on account of falling returns on the asset class, owing to stagnant capital values, limited income tax benefits on let-out properties (announced in Budget 2017-18), and changes in the regulatory framework to curtail pre-launch transactions.
Sixth, until recently, developers were focused on mid-category/ luxury/ premium housing projects. This has led to huge unsold inventory, especially in the mid-segment, which is beyond the reach of the average buyer. The affordable housing segment has pent-up demand, and also favourable policy interventions, but developers have only just shifted focus to it.
Prasad Koparkar, senior director, CRISIL Research, said, “The next few quarters will see more launches in the affordable housing category, or projects with smaller configurations, leading to a reduction in the overall ticket size. That, along with falling interest rates and supportive credit-linked subsidy framework, will benefit end-users because affordability improves.”
In the medium term, effective implementation of RERA can help infuse transparency and improve buyer confidence. While most states and Union Territories have notified their respective Acts, many are yet to form permanent RERA authorities. In addition, only a handful of state Rera websites — in Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh — are operational and have started publishing project information online. Also, one sees a dilution in the definition of ongoing projects in the notifications of some of the states.
These need immediate and effective monitoring by the central authority, it said. “We see prices hovering at current levels on account of weak demand and moderation in new supplies,” CRISIL said.