“It (the disclosure) should be double of the previous scheme, because now all the money has to come to the surface, including household money and bank deposits. Everyone now wants to clean their money because only then will they be able to utilise it. Besides, we are moving fast with digitisation, where all payments have to be made through the banking channels. We are sure that once the new Bill is passed by Parliament, we will get very good results,” said Chandra.
The Lok Sabha on November 30 passed the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016. It provides a window to legalise black money after demonetisation and a tax on that amount. The proposed scheme, Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, will allow those depositing money in banned Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes to enjoy immunity from certain taxation laws by paying a 50-per cent tax on the undisclosed income. Under this scheme, a fourth of the total amount will be locked in for four years and not earn any interest. The scheme will be notified after the Bill is passed by the Rajya Sabha.
Talking on demonitisation, Chandra said the income-tax (I-T) department had issued as many as 2,000 notices to individuals whose deposits in banks were not matching with their declared income.
“We have not issued notices randomly. We have done the risk profiling of individuals, and sent to those whose profile has not matched with their declared income. If you have not filed a tax return, are not doing any business but depositing huge amounts, you are high-risk candidate for me,” Chandra said.
“From November 8 onwards, we have detected more than Rs 1,500 crore undisclosed income during surveys and searches and Rs 120 crore has been seized so far,” he added.
Under the demonetisation drive, the (I-T) department is collecting all data from banks and Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) about every suspicious deposit made and the location from where it has been deposited. “We are tracking as to whether the deposits are genuine or illegal money,” Chandra said.
Subsequently, the tax department has also come across several cases where various bank accounts have been misused or were being utilised to park illicit funds. They are being examined under the Benami (Transaction) Property Act, indicated Chandra.
He also hinted the penal action. If caught, the deposit money will be confiscated and will be given back to that person, he added.
It has been learnt that the four-month window under the earlier Income Declaration Scheme, which closed on September 30, had allowed declarants to enjoy immunity from a slew of direct taxes by paying a total tax of 45 per cent. The government got declarations from 71,726 persons amounting to Rs 67,382 crore from the scheme.
Last year, the government had come out with a similar window for people holding undisclosed assets abroad. Disclosures under that window were charged with a total tax and penalty of 60 per cent and the exchequer received Rs 2,428.4 crore in payments from disclosures worth Rs 4,147 crore.
On the two fake declarations made under IDS, Chandra said that it was known from the beginning and no more false declaration was expected under the scheme.
When asked if the department would conduct verification of accounts on a case-to-case basis, he said, “We are strictly going as per our information, matching all the profiles coming through the banking system and will chase all illegal money irrespective of the profile of the person.”