Currently, there is a difference of nearly 100 basis points between deposit rate of banks and small savings rate for one-year maturity.
Earlier this week, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) will take a call on an interest rate cut
and all options were on the table to counter the coronavirus blow.
Last month, the governor in an interview with PTI said, "We have said it in MPC resolution that there is a case for reducing the small savings rates and aligning it more with the formula-based rate fixation. We have referred to it in the MPC resolution." The MPC in its February Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement said that while there is a need for adjustment in interest rates on small saving schemes, the external benchmark system introduced from October 1 last year has strengthened the monetary transmission.
The finance ministry has been nudging public sector banks to pass the whole repo rate
cuts to retail loans for pushing consumption. Banks have resisted it fearing their margin will take a hit in case of 100 per cent transmission.
Rates on small savings schemes are revised on quarterly basis.
On December 31, 2019, the government decided to keep interest rates for small savings schemes like PPF and NSC unchanged at 7.9 per cent for the fourth quarter of the current financial year, while the rate for the Kisan Vikas Patra maturing in 113 months was kept at 7.6 per cent.
The interest rate for 5-year Senior Citizens Savings Scheme was retained at 8.6 per cent, while that for savings deposits was kept unchanged at 4 per cent a year. The interest on the senior citizens' scheme is paid quarterly.
However, the government had said that during the January-March 2020 quarter, the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana will offer 8.4 per cent rate.