How do I ensure that I pass on the benefit to consumers in accordance with the anti-profiteering clause under the GST? Is there any mechanism prescribed for calculating the benefit due to the GST?
Dwarkesh Jhaveri, Mumbai
Anti-profiteering clause is a self-policing mechanism. The anti-profiteering rules notified by the government contain provisions relating to constitution of authority, procedure for conduct of proceeding, etc. Companies need to tabulate the benefits arising out of the GST on some reasonable basis and pass them on to the consumer. The rules do not contain any mechanism to calculate the benefit or the basis on which it will be passed on to the customer.
What will happen to transactions with export-oriented units (EOUs) under the new GST regime?
Dharmesh Dutta, Hyderabad
In the excise regime, specific exemption was given from levy of excise duty under the Central Excise Act, 1944, for removal of goods to EOUs. However, no such exemption has been given in the CGST Act/SGST Act/IGST Act. Therefore, any transaction with EOUs will be treated on a par with the Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) transaction. So for example, if registered person supplies goods to EOU unit located in the same state, he will charge CGST and SGST at the rate applicable to such supply of goods. If goods are supplied to EOU unit located in another state, then such supply will attract IGST. Further, outward supplies from EOU unit will be treated in a similar manner and taxes will be levied on the transaction as applicable. In other words, EOUs will be like any other DTA unit for the purpose of the GST.
What will be the fate of trade promotion schemes under the GST?
Mohandas Menon, Kerala
Various trade promotion schemes are under operation, including some in the form of target-based incentives, combo packs, buy one-get one free schemes, etc. The GST law mandates linking of original invoices for claiming deduction from output tax liability in case of discount schemes. With respect to combo packs, there may be implications of mixed supply requiring payment of tax at the highest rate of goods and credit reversal in case of free supplies. Each of the schemes needs to be carefully analysed in order to be GST-compliant.