A subdued rupee and the firming up of international alumina prices have spelt a bonanza for state controlled National Aluminium Company (Nalco). Since Nalco exports nearly 1.3 million tonnes alumina each year, it is harvesting the gains from the commodity’s price upswings as well as the falling rupee which is piling up gains.
Rupee devaluation is favouring Nalco as alumina sales contribute 46 per cent to the company’s gross turnover. For every single point depreciation in the Indian currency vis-a-vis the US dollar, Nalco rakes in an extra net profit of Rs 130-140 million a month which effectively translates into Rs 1.57 billion per annum.
Strategically, Nalco has stayed closed to the market dynamics by opting to sell all its alumina shipments at spot prices, a departure from the usual practice of sealing long-term contracts with the buyers. Nalco’s chairman & managing director (CMD) TK Chand said, “Due to our timely supplies backed by efficient logistics and quality positioning of products, Nalco commands a premium of 10 per cent over the index price in spot alumina sales”.
Besides rupee slump, buoyant alumina prices have been another tailwind to beef up Nalco’s earnings. Between August 1 and 15, global alumina prices rose from $530 to $581 a tonne, meaning a gain of 9.6 per cent. Price forecast for the intermediate product is bullish in the backdrop of tight supplies.
“For every $10 rise in alumina prices, Nalco straightway gains Rs 910 million net profit. For instance, when alumina prices jumped by $51 earlier this month, Nalco’s net profit is estimated to have strengthened by Rs 400 million. We believe alumina prices would in the range of $520-530 in Q2”, Chand said.
Robust alumina prices would spur Nalco to continue its stellar financial performance. In the June quarter, Nalco logged a whopping net profit of Rs 6.87 billion, driven by strong alumina pricing. Nalco expects Ebitda (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation) in Q2 to improve to 26-27 per cent (of net sales) from 15 per cent in Q1.
Brokerage firm Motilal Oswal believes that Nalco’s Ebitda would increase by 71 per cent to Rs 28.4 billion in FY19, considering the strong sector tailwinds. “Nalco is likely to benefit from strong alumina prices, led by the closure of (Norsk) Hydro’s alumina facility and shutdowns at Chinese refineries. Spot alumina prices are trading above $500 per tonne versus our estimate of $450 for the remainder of FY19 and FY20. Nalco is a key beneficiary of higher alumina prices, given its net long position and advantage of low cost bauxite”, Motilal Oswal’s report on Nalco stated.
Nalco’s alumina production in the June quarter rose 11 per cent year-on-year (y-o-y) to 583,000 tonnes, it’s best ever in a quarter. Alumina sales moved up 24 per cent y-o-y with average realisation standing at $562 per tonne in the period.
Higher realisations from alumina sales will continue as the Nalco CMD sees a global shortage of 0.7-1 million tonnes in calendar 2018. The shortages are fuelled by the prevailing geopolitical and macro economic factors.
Norsk Hydro’s Alunorte refinery in Brazil, the biggest alumina complex in the world, is operating at barely 45 per cent of its rated capacity. Industry watchers believe the environment pollution curbs on the refinery are unlikely to be eased anytime soon as Brazil is headed for elections in October this year. Second, some 1600 workers at Alcoa have launched an indefinite agitation in western Australia after talks with the company management failed. Moreover, after rolling out its Blue sky policy aimed at curbing carbon emissions from industries, China has come up with the Replacement Quota policy for aluminium smelters. As per this policy, if an existing smelter player is keen to expand, it has to surrender old capacity of equal quantum.