It estimated that the government spends around Rs 4 trillion-Rs 5 trillion every year on different food and agriculture subsidies.
Some of these can easily be rationalised, freeing up funds that could be channelised to create livelihood opportunities in rural India.
These opportunities could be created through empowering Farmers-Producer Organisations (FPOs), Joint-Liability Groups (JLGs) and making small and marginal farmers diversified producers, officials said.
It also suggested providing FPOs and other forms of collectives a proper ecosystem to grow and diversify operations.
In case of agriculture credit, the panel is believed to have advocated making the scale of finance more evidence and agro-climatic conditions-based.
This will help subsidy on agriculture credit reach the right person and benefit small and marginal farmers instead of big land holders.
The government spends around Rs 15,000-18,000 crore annually in providing subsidy for short-term crop loans to farmers. In 2018-19, the central government had fixed an agriculture credit target of Rs 11 trillion.
A recent report by RBI’s internal working group (IWG), headed by its deputy governor MK Jain, also found that the predominance of agricultural loan against gold as collateral is a matter of concern as the quantum of loan must have been de-linked from the scale of finance.
“If the crop loan is not based on the scale of finance, there is a high probability that the loan amount sanctioned may be higher than the actual
credit requirement. This ultimately leads to diversion of funds, and consequently, high incidence of indebtedness among the farmers. Furthermore, short-term crop loans are eligible for the interest subvention scheme that incentivises farmers to avail such agricultural loans, leading to misutilisation of government subsidy,” the report said.
Clearly, this is an area where the panel wants the government to work on.
On rationalisation of fertiliser subsidies, the panel suggested that the database of farmers currently available through PM-KISAN could be used to restrict fertiliser usage once it is linked to the database of land records.
This could unnecessary leakage and pilferages could be plugged.
It also advocated making the current DBT format for fertilisers more effective.
On the National Food Security Act (NFSA), officials said the panel was of the opinion that its open-ended nature in urban areas could be reviewed for the well-to do states.
At present, 75 per cent of population is covered under NFSA in all urban areas in all states irrespective of whether they need it or not.
Despite path-breaking suggestions from the panel, most experts said implementing some of them may be difficult due to strong political resistance.