Ninety-four per cent of the CEOs surveyed said the GST
would have a positive impact on the economy and 62 per cent said that the tax would have a positive impact on inflation. The GST rates have exempted several food products from the tax and kept a majority of essential items in the lower tax bracket of 5 per cent.
However, the anti-profiteering clause, which requires firms to pass on the benefit of input credit or tax reduction to the end consumer by a commensurate reduction in prices, is cause for worry in the corner office as 32 per cent of the CEOs said it could lead to harassment by tax officials, and another 21 per cent chose not to respond in ‘yes’ or ‘no’ terms.
CEOs are upbeat on the impact of the GST on their industries and companies. About 65 per cent of them said their industry would benefit from it, and only 26 per cent say it would adversely impact them.
“I have always been and continue to be very optimistic about India's future after the GST roll-out. While demonetisation has helped in checking black money, and ensuring medium- and long-term growth, the GST, which would be implemented from July, would help in achieving positive economic growth in the country,” said Adi Godrej, chairman emeritus, Godrej group, and a vocal supporter of the GST since it was first announced in 2005.
Most companies said they had set up cross-functional core groups with external consultants to get the software in place and train the staff. Industry is likely to undergo a phase of transition in the next two-three months, and then things will return to normal.
Industry says a unified GST is a prerequisite for a modern developed economy. “With India's primacy in the global commercial and economic space, we cannot lag behind. The pain of short-term inflation and adverse tax burden on companies will be eventually compensated by gains from transparency, better tax credit systems, and ease of administration. It is certainly a progressive tax reform and industry is for it,” said Harsh Goenka, chairman of RPG Enterprises.
However, CEOs said they wanted more clarity on rates. “On the one hand, healthcare is exempted, while, on the other hand, certain rates are given for pharmaceutical industry. I do not know yet what it means,” said Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, chairperson and managing director, Biocon.
CEOs in the hotel industry are apprehensive about the impact of the 28 per cent rate on five-star hotels, which could dampen demand. “We need clarity on how the GST will work in the hotel industry, in which we see seasonal fluctuations in tariffs and a lot of discounts by outside agents,” said the CEO of a leading hotel chain.
When asked whether there was enough clarity on input tax credit, 56 per cent of CEOs said they were aware of the input credit, and 28 per cent of the CEOs said there was no clarity. The rest were non-committal.
All the CEOs said they would not look at any relocation of their manufacturing plants because of the GST.
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