"We welcome the decision of the Rajasthan government.
..All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) would urge the other state governments to follow suit and withdraw all the changes being effected during the Covid-19 lockdown
period," said AITUC
general-secretary Amarjeet Kaur.
Congress-ruled Rajasthan was the first state to increase the working hour limit to 12 hours from 8 hours through an order issued on April 11. In fact, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had lauded Rajasthan chief minister Ashok Gehlot
during a meeting of the CMs on April 27 for the move which was aimed to compensate for the loss of production during the national lockdown.
He had urged other States to follow it.
At least 10 states in India have increased the working hours in India from 8 to 12 hours – with some States not even requiring overtime wages for the extra four hours of work. The States that have made the change so far are Maharasthra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Goa, MP, Uttarakhand, Assam, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. This translates into 72 hours a week – much more than the norms prescribed by the International Labour Organisation.
India is a signatory to the ILO’s convention of 1919 on working hours. Though all countries which signed it had to reduce working hours to 48 hours a week, India was given an exemption to keep it at 60 hours. So, the move by the State governments in India, which was vehemently opposed by the central labour unions, was in contravention of the ILO convention, too.
The Karnataka government played it safe and recently increased the daily working hour limit to 10 hours (translating into 60 hours a week) to remain within the ILO's norms.
Various State governments had used special powers under the Factories Act of 1948 to bring out the change for a period of 3 months. In fact, some States had exercised powers under Section 5 of the Factories Act which can be only used in case of a national emergency, war or internal disturbances – a move which has been legally challenged.
On May 15, the Uttar Pradesh government withdrew its order increasing the daily working hour limit to 12 hours. The move came a day after the Allahabad High Court issued a notice to the State on a public interest litigation challenging the legality of the order.