Restructuring the force: Army chief to hold talks with top generals today

General Bipin Rawat
Army chief General Bipin Rawat will hold talks with his top generals – the seven army commanders, and his personal staff officers – on Tuesday here, seeking to bring them on board as he embarks on the most far-reaching personnel and organisational reforms the force has attempted since Independence.

The defence ministry has already initiated a reduction of 57,000 personnel, including 30,000 civilian employees, in line with the recommendations of the Shekatkar Committee. Now Rawat is courageously targeting the reduction of another 50,000 uniformed soldiers.

These include not just logistics and services personnel, but even manpower from infantry battalions — the basic fighting unit of the Army and widely considered untouchable.

Confirming the process to Business Standard, Rawat stated: “The Army has become 1.25 million-strong and is continuing to expand. We spend 83 per cent of our budget on revenue expenditure, mainly salaries and pensions, which leaves just 17 per cent for modernisation. We have to cut down on manpower to make more for equipment.” 

While Rawat is firmly in the saddle — he has been Army chief for over a-year-and-a-half and has as long to go, a tenure longer than any recent Army chief — his proposed reforms cut so deeply into existing hierarchies and interest groups that buy-in from senior generals is essential. Without that, the proposals could be mired in endless discussions and counter-proposals.

No formal proposal has yet been laid on the table. But the Army is abuzz with speculation, because the “convening orders” of the three committees, which will recommend reduction and reform measures, have been made public. Each committee is headed by a senior lieutenant general and deals with a separate area.

No formal proposal has yet been laid on the table
One committee, headed by the Army’s “financial planning” chief, Lieutenant General Ajai Singh, will present proposals to cut down the size of the Army headquarters (AHQ). Rawat is known to believe that, over the years, the AHQ has become bloated with non-essential appointments and departments. 

Sources close to the Army chief said he has suggested to Singh to examine the feasibility of merging the AHQ’s Military Training Directorate with the Simla-based Army Training Command (ARTRAC). Both organisations perform overlapping functions and there is believed to be scope for significant manpower reductions.

Similarly, just as the Directorate General of Assam Rifles is based in Shillong, in the Northeast where his battalions operate, Singh will consider whether the Directorate General of Rashtriya Rifles should be moved from its present location in New Delhi to Udhampur or Srinagar, where all Rashtriya Rifle battalions operate.

A second committee, headed by the Army’s “perspective planning” chief, Lieutenant General PM Bali, will examine measures to eliminate unnecessary officer appointments, especially those that arose from the Ajai Vikram Singh Committee. In addition, Rawat has asked Bali to consider whether the large number of brigade, division and corps HQ can be pruned, saving on manpower needed to staff each HQ.

Instead of the current organisation, where three infantry battalions come under a brigade HQ, three brigades come under a division HQ and two divisions come under a corps HQ, the committee would examine if it is possible to eliminate the division HQ. Instead, four-five battalions could be grouped under each brigade HQ, and the resulting four-five brigades come directly under a corps HQ.

The third committee, headed by the Military Secretary, Lieutenant General J S Sandhu, will work on proposals to slash the authorisation of officers, which currently amounts to almost 50,000. There is invariably a shortfall of 7,000-8,000 officers, and the belief in several quarters is that this is an artificial scarcity. This committee will examine whether the shortfall can be eliminated partly by reducing the officer authorisation and partly by promoting more deserving soldiers to officer rank.

In Parliament in December 2017, the defence ministry stated that the strength of the Army was 1.21 million and that 49,932 officers were authorized. In addition, tens of thousands of civilian employees are paid from the Army budget.

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