Milestones in Karnataka’s famous riparian discords with neighbouring states
The agreement signed between Madras Presidency and the princely State of Mysore in 1924 lapses.
* May 1990: Supreme Court directs Centre to constitute Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, a demand made by Tamil Nadu since 1970.
The CWDT rejects Tamil Nadu government's plea for interim relief. TN appeals in Court.
Supreme Court directs the CWDT to entertain TN's petition for interim relief.
The CWDT announces an interim award; Karnataka ordered to release 205 tmcft (thousand million cubic feet). Karnataka govt passes an ordinance to nullify the order. SC strikes down Karnataka's ordinance and upholds the interim award. Karnataka refuses to oblige.
* Dec 11:
Interim award is notified in the Government of India gazette.
* Jul 1993:
Tamil Nadu’s then chief minister J Jayalalithaa goes on a sudden fast at the MGR memorial in Chennai demanding Tamil Nadu's water share stipulated in the interim order.
* Aug 1998:
Centre constitutes Cauvery River Authority to ensure the implementation of the CWDT award.
* Sep 8:
Cauvery River Authority chaired by then Prime Minister Vajpayee directs Karnataka to release 0.8 tmcft of water to Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu is unhappy with the order, says it will move Supreme Court.
* Sep 18:
Protesting against the release of water to Tamil Nadu, a Karnataka farmer jumps into the Kabini Reservoir and dies.
* Oct 12, 2003:
Water experts from the Centre express their helplessness.
* Jul 17, 2005:
Karnataka rules out giving Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu.
* Feb 5, 2007:
After 16 years, Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal gives final award, validates the agreements of 1892 and 1924 executed between the governments of Madras and Mysore.
* Feb 12:
Karnataka protests tribunal final award. IT professionals join in.
* Mar 18:
Jayalalithaa on token fast in Chennai demanding publication of the final award in the Centre’s official gazette.
* May 19:
Jayalalithaa demands Cauvery River Authority (CRA) meet.
* Sep 19:
After nine years, at the seventh CRA meet, Manmohan Singh directs Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu at Biligundlu. Both CMs, Jayalalithaa and Jagadish Shettar reject the directive.
* Sep 28:
Supreme Court slams Karnataka government for not complying with PM's direction.
* Feb 29:
Centre notifies the final CWDT award. (CWDT). The Central government was mandated to constitute the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) simultaneously with the gazette notification of the final award of the Tribunal of Feb. 19.
* May 28:
Tamil Nadu moves Supreme Court, seeks Rs 2480 crore damages from Karnataka for not following CWDT orders.
* Jun 28:
Tamil Nadu files contempt petition in the Supreme Court against Siddharamaiah for his defiant stand before the Supervisory Committee
* Jul 2014:
The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal meets in New Delhi to hear Centre, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala’s applications on the allocation od water for each state.
* Sep 6:
Chief Minister Jayalalithaa requests PM Modi to advise the Karnataka Government to release 27.557 TMC ft. of water that was due to Tamil Nadu (till the end of August).
* Nov 18:
Karnataka objects to TN’s plea. Says the flows into the Cauvery basin were drastically reduced because the south-west monsoon failed.
* Sep 5, 2016:
Supreme Court directs the Karnataka government to release 15,000 cusecs of water per day to TN for the next 10 days.
* Sep 7:
Karnataka begins releasing water amidst state wide protests..
* Sep 11:
Under political pressure, the Karnataka government petitions the apex court to modify its order.
* Sep 12:
The court reduces the quantum of water from 15,000 cusecs to 12,000 cusecs per day; Tamil traders and businessmen in Karnataka are attacked.
* Feb 16, 2018:
Supreme Court reduces the allocation of Cauvery water and directs Karnataka to release 177.25 tmcft to Tamil Nadu. The judgement clarified that Karnataka will henceforth have an enhanced share of 14.75 tmcft water per year while Tamil Nadu will get 404.25 tmcft, 14.74 tmcft less than what the tribunal had allotted in 2007.
Source: Cauvery Issue-A Timeline by T Arvind, The Hindu, Feb 16, 2018
Mahadayi (known as Mandovi in Goa)
* Farmers in North Karnataka’s Dharwad and Gadag districts protest because the Karnataka government, with R Gundu Rao as the chief minister, had collected a betterment levy from them without providing water. Rao forms a committee headed by SR Bommai, Opposition leader.
* Bommai committee recommends linking Mahadayi to Malaprabha river.
Bommai becomes chief minister, signs an MoU with Goa to construct a dam near Kalasa, Karnataka. Doesn’t take off because his government fall.
* S M Krishna takes up the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
* Goa government, headed by Manohar Parrikar, approaches Centre for constituting a Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal to apportion water between Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Then NDA government puts off clearance for the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
BJP-Janata Dal (Secular) coalition government resumes construction of the project. Goa petitions Supreme Court for creating a tribunal.
UPA government sets up the Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal.
Tribunal rejects Karnataka’s demand to divert 7.56 TMC of water from Mahadayi basin to Malaprabha river. Farmers protest all over North Karnataka.