The PNBIL action seeking enforcement through the UK
High Court dates back to 2012 and 2013, when it lent money in relation to the purchase and charter of the cruise liner MV Delphin.
The purchaser was Vishal Cruises Ltd, which was said to be supported by guarantees and/or indemnities by businessman Pradeep Agrawal, chairman of Superior Drinks Pvt Ltd and manufacturer Coca-Cola of beverages in India, and Superior Industries Limited (SIL), also said to be associated with Agrawal.
At a two-day hearing in the commercial division of the High Court in London last month, held remotely due to the coronavirus lockdown restrictions, Justice Sara Cockerill concluded that the case did have jurisdiction in the UK and ordered an interim payment towards the bank's costs of GBP 70,000.
This is a significant victory for PNBIL as it means it can now pursue its enforcement action against the defendants in the English courts, said Paul Gair, partner at TLT LLP, the law firm which is incidentally also advising the 13 Indian banks
over their estimated GBP 1.05-billion debt recovery action in the UK against Mallya.
It is also a landmark decision for similar cases, as the defendants' arguments are commonly raised by Indian-based guarantors. It follows a series of similar cases where Indian banks
have successfully pursued wilful defaulters
in the English courts who are either residing in or have assets in the UK, or where the finance
agreements are subject to English law and jurisdiction," said Gair.
"This shows that this can be a successful enforcement route when pursued properly and under the right circumstances, he added.
After the borrowers defaulted on their loans, PNB had issued proceedings and served them in India.
The defendants, whilst accepting they had entered into the various guarantees, sought to argue that the test for permission to serve out of the UK had not been met, citing various grounds, all of which were considered by the judge.
Justice Cockerill's judgment is seen as providing useful precedent, particularly her dismissal of the argument that the guarantees were invalid because of a lack of regulatory approval by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
On the point of whether a certificate of good service from a foreign (in this case Indian) judicial authority can be valid service of English judicial proceedings, Justice Cockerill also found that there is a strong presumption of service and that a claimant need not look beyond the certificate.
Agrawal and SIL have filed applications in the UK's Court of Appeal earlier this month, seeking permission to appeal Justice Cockerill's ruling.
Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.
As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.
Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.