is the rate at which the RBI
lends to commercial banks, and reverse repo is the rate at which it borrows from them.
had last revised its policy rate on May 22, in an off-policy cycle, to perk up demand by cutting interest rate to a historic low. Governor Shaktikanta Das
said the MPC voted to keep interest rate unchanged and continue with its accommodative stance to support growth. "Global economic activity has remained fragile. A surge in Covid-19 cases has subdued early signs of revival, said Das, adding: "Economic activity had started to recover, but a surge in infections has forced the imposition of lockdowns." Supply chain disruptions were persisting and inflationary pressures were evident across segments, he said.
In its outlook for the rest of the year, the RBI
MPC noted that inflation was expected to remain elevated in the second quarter of 2020-21 and ease thereafter in the second half of the year. On the economic growth front, Governor Das said, without putting any number to it, that India's real gross domestic product would contract in the first half of FY21 as well as full financial year.
Among other key measures announced by the RBI, additional special liquidity facility of Rs 5,000 crore each will be provided to the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Nabard) and the National Housing Bank (NHB). The RBI would also amend priority-sector lending guidelines to remove regional disparity -- a higher weight would be accorded to districts with lower credit flows. The start-up sector has been included as a priiority sector and the cap on credit to the renewable energy sector has been raised. And, to ease some stress on households in the wake up of the coronavirus pandemic, the cap on loans against gold has been enhanced from 75 per cent to 90 per cent of the value.
Amid fast-changing macroeconomic environment and a deteriorating outlook for growth, the MPC has had to hold off-cycle meetings in March and May this year. The MPC has cumulatively cut the repo rate by 115 basis points in these two meetings, taking the total policy rate reduction since February 2019 to 250 basis points.
According to a research report by State Bank of India, the country's largest lender, banks have cut rates on fresh loans by 72 basis points, the fastest transmission ever recorded, during this period. SBI itself has cut by an equivalent 115 basis points on its repo-linked retail loan portfolio.
In the run-up to the announcement, experts had mostly been divided over the possibility of a rate cut, with many ruling it out saying a call on restructuring of loans and discontinuation of moratorium was more likely. Finance
Minister Nirmala Sitharaman
had said that focus was now on restructuring. "The focus is on restructuring. The finance
ministry is actively engaged with the RBI on this. In principle, the idea that there may be a restructuring required is well taken," she had said last week.
The six-month moratorium given by the RBI ends on August 31. Rating agency Icra had said in a report on Wednesday that an extension of moratorium and one-time restructuring of loan could pose challenges to lenders and also impact their financial stability if the quantum was large.
A Business Standard poll of 10 economists and bond market participants had seemed geared in favour of a pause in rate cut. Of the 10, three had expected a cut, while seven had said there would be a pause. All the three bond market participants polled had expected a pause.