Reserve Bank of India leaves 10-year bond unsold in auction, rejects bids

The RBI had scheduled to auction Rs 14,000 crore of bonds on Friday’s auction. The underwriters were paid for the auction, but the RBI decided not to sell to them either
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) decided not to sell 10-year bonds in Friday’s auction, signalling it will not accept yields above 6 per cent.  

The rejection of the bids brought down yields by 2 basis points and the 10-year bond closed below 6 per cent again — at 5.99 per cent. 

The RBI had scheduled to auction Rs 14,000 crore of bonds on Friday. The underwriters were paid for the auction, but the RBI decided not to sell to them either.

This was part of a Rs 26,000-crore primary auction. In Friday’s auction, the central bank also introduced a new 3-year bond at 4.26 per cent. 

The RBI routinely cancels the 10-year auction, or curtails it, as it targets the 10-year segment as the rate signal.

Therefore, whenever the 10-year rates inch up, in this case above 6 per cent, the RBI refuses to sell it, say experts.  

On May 20, the RBI will buy Rs 35,000 crore of bonds from the market as part of its government securities acquisition programme (G-SAP) where it will also buy the 10-year bonds. The cancelling of auctions, along with secondary market purchase of the 10-year bonds, keep the yields soft, which the RBI hopes will work as a signal for the market as well as banks.

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