SBI is also trying to develop a tool that would allow the bank to gauge at what level of pricing a customer would be comfortable enough to do business with the bank, and not move to competition, Kumar said.
The biggest challenge in public sector banks
right now, according to Kumar, is how to manage the spreads. Large companies are moving to bond market, even as deposit costs remain elevated, and this has put a squeeze on bank profitability.
“There is so much of structural rigidity that a solution has to be found quickly,” Kumar said.
Good corporate borrowers moving to bond market is a fact that banks
have to live with and technology should be used to find out a reliable risk premium of customers with A+ and below ratings, said Zarin Daruwala, CEO of Standard Chartered India.
“Banks would need to explore what kind of skill sets would be needed to tap these corporate customers. Because of the Sarfaesi and Insolvency Act, investors are confident about the protection of their investments and the market rates are also cheap both domestically and in external commercial borrowings market,” said Daruwala.
Use of technology in corporate loans is still limited and bankers are getting trained on new skill sets to use them in corporate banking, Daruwala said.
According to Kumar, there was a whole universe of companies that banks can give loans to, but to get to know the risk premium adequately, a credit default swap (CDS) market should develop quickly.
Despite the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) allowing writing CDS, a form of insurance on bonds, the instrument is not in use because of complexities involved.
Bankers, however, agreed that technology has improved productivity and penetration of credit among masses.
Chanda Kochhar, managing director and CEO of ICICI Bank said her bank has seen increased productivity year on year, every year, after it introduced robotics in its back office. Cost has also come down significantly due to technological intervention, she said.
However, “the real issue is not what you can do with the data, but what you should not do with the data, that is stealing, mismanagement etc.,” Kochhar said. The bank gives internal training to its people to deal with data responsibly.
Chandra Shekhar Ghosh, founder CMD of Bandhan Bank, technology can be used to improve upon human touch, but human intermediation would always be necessary. One easier way to improve efficiency could be by reducing the size of agreement to a single page for small ticket loans, which Bandhan is focused on.
“Bonding is important for smaller retail loans, something that technology can never replace,” Ghosh said.
Vishwavir Ahuja, MD and CEO of RBL Bank said while human tie-ups are important, but the cost structure breaks down when it comes to scale. According to Ahuja, the bank has actually benefited from tying up with fintech companies and would continue to engage them to build up scale.
However, it is a completely different case for banks who cater to rural hinterlands, where the next bank branch could be a two hour commute.
“What we have found is the ‘bank mitra’ model, aided by technology, improves the financial inclusion manifold,” said Jatinderbir Singh, CMD of Punjab & Sind Bank.