I don't have the benefit of a husband or other family members to care for my son, says Michelle Brinson, who works full time for a Nashville nonprofit while raising her 11-year-old alone.
At 50, and with underlying health conditions, Brinson says she is terrified of contracting Covid-19. She is worried that if her son goes back to school, he could bring the virus home to her.
If I'm dead or on a ventilator," she says, "what good am I to him? This isn't the first time American schools
have closed or talked about it because of an epidemic. It happened in 1918 with the so-called Spanish Flu and in the 1930s and 1950s with polio outbreaks.
But the nature of school has changed fundamentally since the 1950s, education historian Jonathan Zimmerman says. School used to teach basic skills and citizenship, but extensive schooling wasn't necessary for many jobs.
The whole structure of the economy changed postwar, and formal education became a prerequisite for self-sufficiency in a way it never had before, he said.
have also become de facto social service agencies, providing necessities like free meals and mental health services.
That's where the conflict lies. To ask a parent particularly one trying to parent alone to work full time while supervising education and daytime meals is a formula for stress and unreasonable expectations.
Rebecca Witte can attest to that. For Witte, the experience of working from home while also helping her two children wrap up kindergarten and second-grade from home is not one she wants to repeat.
As a spokeswoman for the Kansas Department of Corrections during a coronavirus
outbreak that infected more than 900 inmates, she recalls her kids coming in screaming one day while she was being interviewed. Her husband, a school principal, shared the schooling responsibilities but was also busy helping teachers at his school shift to virtual learning.
Trying to work, it was hard," Witte said.
It will be interesting to see what the plan is in the fall. ... I am hopeful they won't be home full time with me trying to teach and work. Before the virus, Brinson says, she went into work every single day, and my son went to school and he had aftercare with the YMCA."
Brinson was totally unprepared when schools closed in March. She ended up taking several days off until she received permission to work from home. Now her employer is pressuring her to come back in.
Brinson acknowledges that online schooling was a disaster and they eventually gave up. A visit to an attorney's office to draw up a will marks one of the only times she has left home since mid-March.
In many ways, Brinson and Witte are lucky. Their jobs offer some flexibility.
Taryn Walker, a single mother, has been relying on her two teenagers to care for her 5-year-old while she works as an administrative assistant. Her job never shut down, and she can't work from home.
Her youngest daughter didn't go outside for three months as the virus tore through their New York City neighborhood. She knows the girl misses her friends; her birthday party got canceled, too.
The situation has also strained Walker financially as her grocery bill rises. "Because they are home all day, I'm paying two or three times the amount I did before, she says.
But Walker also doesn't feel safe sending the kids back to school. I feel like I have been managing to work through this entire pandemic by being very careful, she says.