China's Ministry of Commerce said it would be forced to take "synchronised counter measures" against the new tariffs.
In a statement, the ministry also said that the tariffs announced by Trump had "added new uncertainties" to trade talks between the two sides.
Trump also warned China against any retaliation, saying if Beijing retaliated this time, the US would impose further tariffs on another $267 billion worth of products virtually covering almost all Chinese exports to the US totalling about $522.9 billion.
According to official figures, US goods and services trade with China totalled an estimated $710.4 billion in 2017 of which US exports were $187.5 billion and imports were $522.9 billion.
Trump has been pressuring China to reduce the trade deficit with the US, totalling to $335.4 billion in 2017.
Last month, both sides resumed trade talks but at a lower level.
Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce Wang Shouwen held talks in Washington but without much results.
Trump, who has been demanding that China should reduce trade deficit immediately by $100 billion, recently called for talks to resolve the issue.
In Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang on Tuesday gave no inkling about how China's plans to retaliate Trump's new round of tariffs and said it brought more uncertainties to future round of talks.
"I want to say that China has to respond to uphold our legitimate rights and interests, the order of free trade," Geng told reporters.
"This measure by US side added more uncertainties to the talks between the two sides," he said.
Asked how the two sides plan to end the trade war, Geng said "We have been stressing that talks need to happen on the basis of equality and good faith so as to resolve the issues between the two sides. What the US has done shows no sincerity, no good faith at all," he said.
To another question on whether China viewed escalation of tariff war by the US as an attempt to contain Beijing's rise, Geng said, "regarding containment, I have never heard of that from any US official.
"We have been repeating that sound and steady development of China-US ties serves the fundamental interest of the two sides and what the international
community wishes to see".
Geng said China would like to work with the US to achieve that, adding that "however the protectionist and unilateral measures taken by US were not acceptable to us".
He also declined to go into specific measures on whether Beijing would contemplate non-trade measures like containing visas to US citizens.
"In the light of the latest round of tariffs, China has to counter act but what kind of counter measures would the Chinese side take will be released in time. You made assumption (about not granting visas), I have no comment on that," Geng said.
Hong Kong-based 'South China Morning Post' reported on Tuesday that China is likely to cancel its tentative plans to send President Xi Jinping's top economic adviser Liu He to Washington after Trump's new tariff announcement.
According to the source, who declined to be identified , as the plans have not been made public, China is reviewing its earlier plans to send a delegation, headed by vice-premier Liu He to Washington next week, the report said.
One precondition for the talks was that the Americans would show sufficient goodwill but Trump's latest decision to escalate the trade war by slapping new tariffs on almost half of all Chinese exports may have scuppered the talks, it quoted the sources as saying.
"If the vice-premier does go to the US, we can reasonably suspect he has a reasonable offer, but at this point, I would think the likelihood is low," the representative said.
China had earlier retaliated twice by imposing additional tariffs on imported products from the US.
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