Chinese factory activity normally goes dormant during the Lunar New Year break, but this year millions of workers stayed put due to COVID-19 fears, which led to an earlier-than-usual resumption of business at factories.
Authorities successfully curbed the domestic transmission of COVID-19 virus during the winter, leading to quarantine restrictions and testing requirements being scaled back as life once again returns to normal.
The official PMI, which largely focuses on big and state-owned firms, showed the sub-index for production stood at the highest level since December, while new orders also grew at the fastest place in three months.
Adding to the positive impulse, export orders returned to growth amid improving foreign demand, the survey showed.
China managed to largely bring the COVID-19 pandemic under control much earlier than many countries as authorities imposed stringent anti-virus curbs and lockdowns at the initial phase of the outbreak.
That has helped its economy mount a rapid turnaround after a slump at the start of 2020, led by resurgent exports growth as factories raced to fill overseas orders. Factory-gate prices have accelerated at their fastest pace in more than two years, while industrial output has also surged.
The resurgent COVID-19 infections abroad and logistics jams have seen some surveyed firms grappling with inadequate imports of few raw materials, leading to prolonged delivery timeframes, said Zhao Qinghe, a senior statistician with the NBS in a statement accompanying the data.
Beijing has set an annual economic growth target at above 6% this year, well below analyst expectations for an expansion of more than 8%. Premier Li Keqiang has said policies would not be dramatically loosened to chase higher growth, adding that the focus will be on consolidating the economic recovery.[nL1N2L90MD]
China's was the only major economy to post growth last year with an expansion of 2.3%, but that still marked the weakest annual pace in more than 40 years due to the COVID-19 fallout.
Growth in China's services sector picked up significantly in March, a separate survey showed, as consumers opened up their wallets after months of hesitation.
The official composite PMI, which includes both manufacturing and non-manufacturing activity, rose to 55.3 from February's 51.6.
A sub-index for activity in the construction sector stood at 62.3 as weather turns warm, compared with 54.7 in February.
(Reporting by Stella Qiu and Gabriel Crossley)
(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
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