Cuomo said he understood the feelings of protesters pushing for a faster reopening but also warned that moving too quickly could rekindle the virus, noting that the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic was deadlier in its second wave.
"You can do it for a short period of time, but you can't do it forever," Cuomo said, referring to lockdown orders which have been in place since the middle of March. "But reopening is more difficult than the closedown."
Cuomo said construction, manufacturing and select retail shops could open in a first phase of reopening, followed by a second phase that would include finance, administrative support and real estate and rental leasing industries.
Phase three will see restaurants and the food service and hotel industries reopen, Cuomo said, followed by arts, entertainment and recreation facilities as well as schools in the fourth and final phase.
Cuomo said regions of his state would be able to reopen once they meet thresholds on four main metrics: the rate of new infections, hospital capacity, diagnostic testing capacity and whether the region has enough disease investigators to trace contacts of an infected person. He also said hospitals would need to have 90 days worth of personal protective equipment in stock to avoid the shortages that have dogged them since March.
While he did not specify which regions would open first, he showed a slide labeling northern and central parts of the state as "lower-risk regions" in contrast to harder hit areas like New York City
and Long Island.
Cuomo said New York had tested more than 1 million residents, or roughly 5 percent of the state's population, a per-capita level that is higher than any other country, including Italy at 3.5 percent and South Korea at 1.2 percent.
But he said seven of the state's 10 regions had not met a threshold of testing 30 people for every 1,000 in the population on a monthly basis, and that none of the regions had satisfied all of the criteria to reopen.
Cuomo said that 226 New Yorkers died on Sunday, the lowest daily total since March 27, and that hospitalizations and intubations continued a downward trend started three weeks ago.
But he said the decline in hospitalizations was "not as steep as the incline" when infections skyrocketed in March and warned against underestimating a virus that some people had initially dismissed as akin to the seasonal flu.
Nearly 25,000 New Yorkers have died from Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus, according to a Reuters tally.
"This is a different beast that we are dealing with, and we learned that the hard way," Cuomo said.