It said that 45 days after its publication, goods "must be marked to indicate that their origin is 'China'".
The step was taken after the United States determined that Hong Kong is "no longer sufficiently autonomous to justify differential treatment in relation to China".
Trump has made tough talk against China a feature of his campaign for re-election in November.
The United States on Friday imposed sanctions on Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam and the city's current and former police chiefs accused of curtailing political freedoms in the former British colony.
In retaliation, China imposed sanctions on 11 US citizens including lawmakers from Trump's Republican Party on Monday.
US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on Monday that companies from China and other countries that do not comply with US accounting standards will be delisted from US stock exchanges from the end of 2021.
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