Vietnam’s trade surplus with the US reached nearly $40 billion in 2018. The gap hit almost $41 billion in the first nine months of 2019, up 29% on-year, according to US Census Bureau data.
“They really need to step up their game in this area,” said Nestor Scherbey, a licensed US customs broker and consultant based in Ho Chi Minh City. “If they don’t pay attention to the country of origin of the goods being exported, they’re going to have trouble.”
In May, the US Treasury Department added Vietnam to a watchlist of countries being monitored for possible currency manipulation. Asked in June if he wanted to impose tariffs on Vietnam, President Donald Trump described the country as “almost the single worst abuser of everybody.” Earlier this month, on a visit to Hanoi, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross urged Vietnam to reduce its trade surplus with the US
The US is Vietnam’s largest export market. Capital Economics Ltd. estimates that if Trump imposed 25% tariffs on imports from Vietnam as he did with Chinese goods, it would shave more than 1 percentage-point off the country’s growth rate -- more than erasing the approximately 0.5 percentage-point gain Vietnam has seen this year as a beneficiary of the trade war.
Vietnamese officials say the country will buy more big-ticket items from the US, including Boeing Co. planes and liquefied natural gas, to help trim the surplus.
Customs officials are focusing on “highly suspicious” sectors -- such as electronic components and wooden furniture -- that have seen annual exports surge by more than 15%, said Mai Xuan Thanh, deputy director general of the customs department. Hundreds of domestic and foreign companies are under “special scrutiny for suspect exports,” he said.
US authorities have informed their Vietnamese counterparts about big increases of any items from Vietnam that concurrently saw big drops in Chinese shipments to the US, Tuan said. Through October, Vietnamese customs had uncovered about 14 significant cases this year of exports with fake labels.
Beginning Dec. 27, Vietnam will suspend transshipment and temporary imports of plywood products headed to the US, Industry and Trade Minister Tran Tuan Anh said earlier this month. The National Steering Committee for Anti-Smuggling and Trade Fraud ordered provinces along the country’s borders to step up inspections of goods being imported.
Vietnamese customs last month said it discovered and seized about $4.3 billion of Chinese aluminum falsely labeled “Made in Vietnam” that was meant to be shipped overseas, mostly to the US
“We’ve been putting a lot more resources toward preventing fraudulently labeled exports and illegal trans-shipments,” Tuan said. “This is really hard work given the ongoing trade war.”