All House Republicans opposed it and independent lawmaker Justin Amash of Michigan also voted against it.
The White House and Republicans who control the Senate have already voiced their opposition to the measure, making the House vote largely symbolic.
Introduced by D.C.'s non-voting House member Eleanor Holmes Norton, the bill would shrink the country's capital city to a small area encompassing the White House, Capitol buildings, Supreme Court and other federal buildings along the National Mall.
The rest of the city would become the 51st US state, named the Washington, Douglass Commonwealth after abolitionist Frederick Douglass, according to the bill.
With the statehood, the bill would grant the city two senators and make the existing sole House representative a voting member.
However, it is unlikely to gain traction in the Senate while President Donald Trump has said he would veto the bill if it came to his desk.
Republican lawmakers have blasted the bill as a Democratic "power grab", citing the lopsided partisan leanings of residents in the US capital city.
"D.C. will never be a state," Trump said in an interview with the New York Post last month.
"You mean District of Columbia, a state? Why? So we can have two more Democratic -- Democrat senators and five more congressmen? No thank you. That'll never happen," he added.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia, was founded in 1791 after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country under the Residence Act signed into law in 1790.
(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.
As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.
Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.