The financially stretched companies in our sample either had negative net worth or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortisation (Ebitda) during the first half of 2019-20 (FY20) or had a high debt-to-equity ratio, high debt-to-Ebitda ratio or low interest coverage ratio.
Together these 201 companies owed Rs 14.9 trillion to their lenders at the end of September 30, 2019, up 4.1 per cent year-on-year (YoY) during the first half of FY20.
The figure rises to Rs 17.1 trillion if their audited balance sheet for 2018-19 (FY19) is taken into account. The combined borrowings by these companies were up 12 per cent YoY during FY19.
In comparison, the entire sample of 787 companies had combined borrowings worth Rs 24.2 trillion at the end of September 2019 and Rs 30.7 trillion at the end of March 2019. The analysis is based on common sample of 880 companies that are either part of BSE500, BSE MidCap or BSE SmallCap index.
The latest RBI dispensation allowing three months moratorium on interest payments by borrowers will allow these companies to delay Rs 35,000 crore of interest payment over the next three months. Together these companies had spent around Rs 1.48 trillion on interest payment during the first nine-months (April-December 2019 period) of FY20. The interest moratorium will provide financial breather to these companies from the likely dip in revenue and profits due to Covid-19 shutdown. Interest payment was equivalent to 9 per cent of these companies’ net sales on average during the first nine months of FY20 and was their biggest cost head after raw materials and ahead of employee cost. In comparison, interest payments were equivalent to 3.5 per cent of net sales of all listed non-financial companies in the Business Standard sample.
In addition, listed non-banking finance companies such as Housing Development Finance Corporation, Bajaj Finance, Shriram Transport Finance, LIC Housing, Indiabulls Housing, Piramal Enterprises, and L&T Finance Holdings had total borrowings worth Rs 24.3 trillion at the end of September 2019.
Rating agencies have already warned about a spike in rating actions as lockdown dries up revenue streams of sectors. Early this week CRISIL reviewed 120 corporates most affected by the situation, belonging to sectors such as airlines, hotels, tourism, malls, organised brick-and-mortar retail, multiplexes, and restaurants. The review resulted in rating action on 81 companies, while ratings on the remaining 39 have been retained.
According to the data from India Energy Exchange, demand for power from industries and distribution utilities is down 40 per cent after the lockdown. As a result, prices at power exchanges are down 30 per cent to around Rs 2 per unit against an average of around Rs 3 in the month of February 2020. This is likely to adversely affect the earnings of power companies in the first quarter of FY21.
Metals and mining companies face the challenge on a sharp dip in metal and ore prices due to a dip in global demand after the Covid-19 shutdown. According to a report by the World Economic Forum, nearly 3 billion people globally, which is about 40 per cent of the world population, is in some form of lockdown, leading to a sharp dip in global economic activity.