More than 60 per cent of the assets managed by the top five fund houses belong to bank-backed ones. The top five dominate the industry with more than a 50 per cent market share.
Banks are not only leading the charts when it comes to the fund management business, but also in the distribution business. The data available with the Association of Mutual Funds in India (Amfi) shows that banks earned Rs 35 billion in distribution commission in 2017-18.
This accounted for more than 40 per cent of the commissions the MF industry paid in 2017-18.
The links between asset size and bank backing becomes more clear from the distributor commissions fund houses pay their bank sponsors. An analysis of the data put out by Value Research showed, on average, 47 per cent of the commissions paid by the nine bank-backed fund houses in 2017-18 went to their bank sponsors.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) is concerned over the lack of competition in the MF industry and wants the situation to improve. “It is a major cause for concern that despite such tremendous growth, a majority of the market share of the industry remains concentrated with a few big players,” said Ajay Tyagi, chairman, Sebi, at the Amfi Mutual Fund Summit 2018.
Experts say fund houses that don’t have a banking channel within their own group firms will have to think differently to scale up their business.
“Distributors have played a key role in growth of the industry. The relationship needs to evolve and go beyond commission. We want to treat distributors as partners in growth. The stake was offered to NJ India at a fair value. We hope more people will come on board,” said Rajiv Shashtri, chief executive officer, Essel MF.
Vakrangee said in July it had entered into an alliance with Reliance MF. “(According to) the arrangement with Reliance MF, Vakrangee through its Nextgen Vakrangee Kendras will offer mutual fund distribution and help Reliance MF to extend their reach to un-served and under-served areas,” the exchange disclosure said.
According to people in the know, Reliance MF has recently entered into a tie-up with Suvidhaa Infoserve. Sources suggest four-five similar tie-ups are in the works.
Sebi recently decided to do away with upfront commissions paid out to distributors. Experts say removing upfront commission will nudge more distributors to shift their focus towards the scheme’s performance and look beyond commission. At the same time, there is debate on whether there is a need for rationalising distributor commissions now when there is still lack of distributors in the MF industry.