Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country (RBI in case of India) lends to the commercial banks in case of any shortage of funds.
It was the first monetary policy meeting under the new governor Shaktikanta Das, who took over as Governor, RBI after the abrupt exit of Urjit Patel from the office in December last year.
The reverse repo rate stands at 6 per cent.
CPI is seen at 2.8 per cent in January-March, 2019 and 3.2-3.4 per cent in April-September 2019, the committee said in its press release.
As many as 32 of the 43 economists surveyed by Bloomberg as of Wednesday had expected the central bank to keep the repo rate steady but drop its hawkish bias.
A softer stance would bode well for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, which wants to boost lending and lift growth as it faces elections by May, said a Reuters report dated February 5. The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party is already in an election mode. In its Interim Budget on February 1, the government doled out cash to farmers and tax cuts to the middle-class, even as it missed the target for fiscal deficit for the second year in a row.
Under the former RBI Governor Urjit Patel, the RBI had raised interest rates twice last year and stuck to a 'calibrated tightening' stance in December.
On the macro front, India's retail inflation in December eased to 2.19 per cent from a rise of 2.33 per cent in November. In its December policy statement, the RBI forecast headline inflation at 3.8 per cent to 4.2 per cent in the six months starting April, not very far from its medium-term target of 4 per cent.
With headline inflation hovering at multi-month lows, India’s real interest rate makes it a standout in the region, and harmful to economic growth, analysts including Bank of America Merrill Lynch’s Chief Economist Indranil Sen Gupta had said before the decision announcement.