Illustration by Ajay Mohanty
fell to 72.07 a dollar in intra-day trade, but closed just below the 72-mark. Many economists who were critical of the RBI
not intervening were coming out in support of the central bank’s hands-off approach, in view of the volatility in other emerging markets
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said on Wednesday there was no need for a knee-jerk reaction because of the rupee
is moving because of global factors,” Jaitley said in an interaction with the media. Except the dollar, the rupee
has strengthened or remained in a range against all other currencies, he said.
“Eventually, the inherent strength of the Indian economy has to play a very important role. The RBI
is doing whatever is necessary to deal with the situation. I don’t think there’s any need for the world’s fastest-growing economy to react adversely,” Jaitley said.
Experts reacted to the rupee
movement and the FM’s statements on Thursday.
“Statements from the FM indicate the government is comfortable with a gradual depreciation and we can expect some intervention, which will only stem a sudden fall but not a reversal. We expect the rupee
to trade between 71.80 and 72.50,” said Salil Datar, chief executive officer of Essel Finance VKC Forex.
dealers said the RBI
had been intervening since Wednesday as rupee
depreciation continued unabated.
“There is heavy dollar demand, but the RBI
has started intervening,” said a senior currency
dealer with a foreign bank.
But the rupee
is not alone in the loss.
Other EMs are also witnessing a rout against the dollar, as the greenback continues to strengthen against major currencies worldwide. This is reflected in the dollar index, which was at 95, rising more than 3.3 per cent year to date.
Even as the rupee
is by no means the world’s worst-performing currency, it is the worst in Asia, closely followed by Indonesia. Both countries run current account deficits, and are largely dependent on portfolio flows to finance their deficits.
In case of India, portfolio flows were marginally positive in August, but had witnessed more than a $3-billion outflow in the April-June quarter. Investors are again liquidating their India investment and that is putting pressure on the rupee.
According to Soumyakanti Ghosh, group chief economic advisor of the State Bank of India group, the rupee’s loss was because of the dollar, but there could be more losses.
“The current depreciation was long overdue and trends in NDF (non-deliverable forwards) market (rupee
at 75 and implied one-year yield at 7.7 per cent) suggest the pain might not be over yet,” Ghosh wrote in a report.