Mr Sen quotes the telling example of a dispute among three children about who should be entitled to receive a wooden flute. One child argued that she was the only one of the three who could play the flute, so her utilitarian case to acquire one was supreme. The second child stated with pathos that she was too poor to ever buy a flute and that if she was awarded one, the world would acquire one more flute player. The third child claimed, without dispute, that he had shaped the flute out of hewn wood with his own hands, so was not his case to acquire the fruits of his labour supreme? All three are persuasive, each in his or her own way. Yet each one would feel a sense of injustice, irrespective of the decision taken. The modern-day flute issue resurfaces as a Cauvery Water Dispute.
Regulatory agencies clamour the most to be armed with more powers. The vanishing companies scam in the 1990s and the Ketan Parekh scam in the 2000s resulted in more powers being given to Sebi. Citizens’ expectations from regulators also increase as they are perceived to be given more powers. But for the citizen, the reality turns out to be different.
While there may well be a case to have more judges and judicial infrastructure, the citizen wonders how is it that there seem to be enough judges to decide upon the dispute between Kangana Ranaut and Hrithik Roshan, or whether Mumbai should have dahi-handi during Janmashtami!
All this leaves the common citizen bewildered and susceptible to the “Broken Window” syndrome (Fixing Broken Windows, George Kelling and Catherine Coles). Broken Window is a criminological theory that avers that if people see a broken window in a public building, they assume that somebody is fixing the window, whereas the reality is that absolutely nobody is fixing it.
Fixing accountability for broken windows is essential for securing order in society. The citizen’s dilemma then becomes, “Nobody seems to care, so why should I bother?” The total apathy of successive governments and the judiciary has left the citizen destructively apathetic. We must consider this situation to be a great threat to public morality, democracy and justice in the future.
As a common citizen, I would not venture to suggest solutions, especially when they can be found buried among numerous reports already with the government. I close with the fervent hope that our leader(s) today will recognise the gravity of the issue facing our young democracy and feel sufficiently motivated to launch a “Swachh Insaaf” national programme.